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Chapter 2. Tackling Fiscal Challenges

Chapter 2. Tackling Fiscal Challenges »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The ACTs faced significant medium-term fiscal challenges even before the onset of their transitions. In many cases, fiscal deficits and debt were higher than in other emerging market and developing countries...

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the last 20 years, and particularly during the decade that followed their independence, CCA countries put in place the first pillars of a modern financial system, allowing for substantial financial deep...

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past two decades growth in the CCA region has been strong, but volatile, uneven, and narrowly based. Success in raising income per capita has varied across countries and seems tied to natural resour...

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Under current policies, per capita GDP growth in CCA countries will fall short of that achieved in the past two decades. By pursuing ambitious reforms to support higher, more stable, sustainable, and inclusi...

Chapter V. Maturity of Central Bank Securities

Chapter V. Maturity of Central Bank Securities »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

A. Objectives of Issuing Central Bank Securities CB securities are one of the monetary policy instruments used primarily to absorb liquidity in the banking system, when there is a st...

Chapter VI. Collateral: Range, Opportunity Cost, Liquidity, and Pricing of Liquidity Risk

Chapter VI. Collateral: Range, Opportunity Cost, Liquidity, and Pricing of Liquidity Risk »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Most CBs are nowadays required to take collateral when granting credit to banks. In this respect, this section examines the state of play at CBs in the MENA region as well as the operational implications of...

Chapter VII. Basel III Rules and Monetary Policy Implementation

Chapter VII. Basel III Rules and Monetary Policy Implementation »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) 69 issued on December 16, 2010 the “Basel III rules text and results of the quantitative impact study issued by the Basel Committ...

Chapter VIII. ISIMP Results and Analysis for the MENA Region

Chapter VIII. ISIMP Results and Analysis for the MENA Region »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

A. Background Information Drawing from the IMF survey of CB monetary policy instruments (ISIMP) 72 in 2008 and 2010, this section analyzes the use o...

China

China »

Source: China : Sources of Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations

Volume/Issue: 2004/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451843675

Keywords: real exchange rate, structural VAR, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, exchange rate fluctuations, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper reviews the evolution of China's real effective exchange rate between 1980 and 2002, and uses a structural vector autoregression model to study the relative importance of different types of macroeconomic...

Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region
			: A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590562.087

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

This paper documents the main themes covered in two seminars (December 2011 and September 2012) on monetary policy and implementation at the IMF—Middle East Center for Economics and Finance, and includes cou...