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Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Following a strong showing in early 2011, the economies across Europe now face the prospect of a pronounced slowdown, as global growth has softened, risk aversion has risen, and strains in Europe's sovereign debt a...

The Role of Country Concentration in the International Portfolio Investment Positions for the European Union Members

The Role of Country Concentration in the International Portfolio Investment Positions for the European Union Members »

Source: The Role of Country Concentration in the International Portfolio Investment Positions for the European Union Members

Volume/Issue: 2014/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iuliia Brushko , and Yuko Hashimoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2014

ISBN: 9781475543759

Keywords: International Portfolio, Portfolio Flows, Portfolio Concentration, stock index, unemployment, unemployment rate, portfolio investment, bond, Portfolio Choice,

This paper examines the international portfolio flows of European Union. Our analysis includes three dimensions: (1) the level of countries portfolio investment concentration (those who invest evenly among counterp...

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries »

Source: Social Sector Reform in Transition Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Keller , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845358

Keywords: social sector reform, pension, health care, social insurance, retirement, unemployment, Public Economics: General, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs

During the transition process, many existing social sector institutions and policies were significantly eroded and their underlying character changed. As a result, they often do not redistribute to the poorest, nor...

Taxation and Unemployment

Taxation and Unemployment »

Source: Taxation and Unemployment

Volume/Issue: 1996/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451974348

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment benefits, unemployment rates, social security

This paper reviews conceptual linkages between taxation and unemployment, available empirical evidence and country policies that may have a bearing on these linkages in the OECD and in a sample of developing and tr...

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run

Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run »

Source: Unemployment and Productivity in the Long Run : the Role of Macroeconomic Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2010/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Surico , Luca Ricci , and Pierpaolo Benigno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209590

Keywords: macroeconomic volatility, downward wage rigidities, unemployment rate, employment, unemployment rates, rate of unemployment, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

We propose a theory of low-frequency movements in unemployment based on asymmetric real wage rigidities. The theory generates two main predictions: long-run unemployment increases with (i) a fall in long-run produc...

V. Labor Markets

V. Labor Markets »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

Starting from a common base of full but unproductive employment under communism, reform of labor market policies and institutions has varied widely across countries....

V Policy Lessons: Reducing Unemployment in Transition

V Policy Lessons: Reducing Unemployment in Transition »

Source: Labor Market Performance in Transition : The Experience of Central and Eastern European Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , Jerald Schiff , Miho Ihara , Tetsuya Konuki , and Kornelia Krajnyak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2006

ISBN: 9781589064690

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rates, unemployed

This paper has sought to describe and explain labor market performance during transition in CEE countries. Among our key findings are: Initial decline...

VI. 1997–2001: Turmoil and Recovery

VI. 1997–2001: Turmoil and Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

The latter part of the 1990s was a period of major crises in emerging markets, from Mexico in 1994–95, through Asia in 1997, and leading to Argentina in 2001. The em...

VII. Trade and Capital Flows

VII. Trade and Capital Flows »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

Trade and investment links with Western Europe have been among the most important factors behind the growth of the past 25 years. Some countries have been able to ex...

VIII. 2002–2007: Boom

VIII. 2002–2007: Boom »

Source: Regional Economic Issues--Special Report 25 Years of Transition : Post-Communist Europe and the IMF

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): James Roaf , Ruben Atoyan , Bikas Joshi , and Krzysztof Krogulski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498305631

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, transition countries, inflation, banking

The mid-2000s saw extremely rapid growth across the region, spurred by the benign global environment and ever-increasing confidence in the process of convergence with the EU. However, growth was...