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Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011)

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011) »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Country IMF Loan Size, Approval Date Key Objectives...

APPENDIX 3 Fiscal Adjustment and Income Distribution in Advanced and Emerging Economies

APPENDIX 3 Fiscal Adjustment and Income Distribution in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, November 2010 : Fiscal Exit: From Strategy to Implementation

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Philip Gerson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2010

ISBN: 9781616350475

Keywords: public debt, vat, fiscal adjustment, fiscal policy, debt ratios

Fiscal consolidation can increase income inequality in the short term, but the duration and magnitude of this effect depends on the growth response and the composition of fiscal adj...

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix I Debt Maturity and Inflation

Appendix I Debt Maturity and Inflation »

Source: Domestic Public Debt of Externally Indebted Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Pablo Guidotti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752086

Keywords: inflation, public debt, external debt, domestic debt, domestic public debt

It was noted in Section IV that changes in the maturity structure of nominal government debt may affect the intertemporal path of inflation. The effect of different maturities on inflation was illustrated by...

Appendix I Empirical Framework and Methodology

Appendix I Empirical Framework and Methodology »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

Data Sources Most of the data series used for this study were obtained from the African Economic Trends data base maintained by the African Department of the IMF. A few series were o...

Appendix I Glossary of Questions and Answers

Appendix I Glossary of Questions and Answers »

Source: The Debt Sustainability Framework for Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Christian Beddies

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589067929

Keywords: Borrowing, Debt strategy, Debt sustainability analysis, External debt, External financing, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral debt relief initiative, HIPC Initiative, Risk management, debt sustainability

What Is the Present Value of Debt? The present value (PV) is the discounted sum of all future principal and interest (at+it), at a given discount rate (β)....

Appendix I. International reserves

Appendix I. International reserves »

Source: Jahresbericht 2005 : Die Vorteile der Weltwirtschaft für alle sichern

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2005

Language: German

ISBN: 9781589064720

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, debt relief, balance of payments, general resources account, repurchases, debt sustainability, cash flows, financial stability, central bank

Total international reserves, including gold, increased by 15 percent during 2004 and stood at SDR 2.7 trillion at the end of the year (Table I.1). Foreign exchange reserves, which constitute the largest com...

Appendix I. The Role of the IMF

Appendix I. The Role of the IMF »

Source: Sovereign Debt Restructuring and Debt Sustainability : An Analysis of Recent Cross-Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066106

Keywords: public debt, bonds, sovereign debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability

The restructurings generally occurred while IMF arrangements were in place. 49 All eight countries had an IMF arrangement when they restructured th...

APPENDIX II

APPENDIX II »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Growth, Savings, and Investment, 1986-93

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Roger Nord , Michael Hadjimichael , and E. Ucer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781557754585

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, interest, debt, public debt

Table A2. Sub-Saharan Africa: Selected Economic and Financial Indicators...