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Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets

Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets »

Source: Sovereign Credit Ratings and Spreads in Emerging Markets : Does Investment Grade Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo , and Michelle Tejada

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218981

Keywords: Rating Agencies, public debt, external public debt, standard deviation, external debt, standard errors, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Sovereign investment grade status is often associated with lower spreads in international markets. Using a panel framework for 35 emerging markets between 1997 and 2010, thispaper finds that investment grade status...

2 Tax Reform: Trends and Possibilities

2 Tax Reform: Trends and Possibilities »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Introduction Central America’s economic performance improved markedly in the 1990s. 1 But there remain many challenges for this region, especially i...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Opportunities for growth and investment in Central America could well improve in the coming years, as the region's ties with the world economy grow closer. This integration, however, also presents important challen...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Opportunities for growth and investment in Central America could well improve in the coming years, as the region's ties with the world economy grow closer. This integration, however, also presents important challen...

4 Trade Structure and Policy

4 Trade Structure and Policy »

Source: The Macroeconomy of Central America

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Introduction Historically there has been a close trading relationship between the United States and the Central American region. In the last few years this relationship has flourishe...

V Financial Sector Development: Public Debt Markets

V Financial Sector Development: Public Debt Markets »

Source: Economic Growth and Integration in Central America

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfred Schipke , and Dominique Desruelle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2007

ISBN: 9781589066168

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic growth, Public debt, debt, inflation, pension, monetary policy

The development of public debt markets in Central America is critically important to the overall development of capital markets. As with many emerging markets, the Central American capital markets are somewh...

VI Characterizing Monetary Policy

VI Characterizing Monetary Policy »

Source: Economic Growth and Integration in Central America

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfred Schipke , and Dominique Desruelle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2007

ISBN: 9781589066168

Keywords: Economic conditions, Economic growth, Public debt, debt, inflation, pension, monetary policy

Compared with the rest of Latin America, Central America has a history of low inflation (Figure 6.1). 2 No country except Nicaragua has fallen into the clutches of hyperinflation,...