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Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan

Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan »

Source: Intergenerational Implications of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan

Volume/Issue: 2012/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kiichi Tokuoka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505474

Keywords: Intergenerational inequality, Fiscal consolidation, Overlapping generations model, pension, pension benefits, public pension, pension contribution

In Japan, intergenerational inequality in lifetime resources is substantial, with a heavier fiscal burden on the young than the old. Moreover, given the need for fiscal consolidation, the inequality is even worse t...

The Italian Public Pension System

The Italian Public Pension System »

Source: The Italian Public Pension System : Current Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Canziani , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

ISBN: 9781451845150

Keywords: pension, benefits, retirement age, retirement

Public pension expenditure in Italy has been growing rapidly in the last three decades and is now among the highest in industrialized countries. Despite recent reforms, benefits remain generous by international sta...

Japan

Japan »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Japan's Medium

Japan's Medium »

Source: Japan's Medium : and Long-Term Fiscal Challenges

Volume/Issue: 1996/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): K. Okamura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

ISBN: 9781451853674

Keywords: pension, pension reform, fiscal position, tax rate, pension benefits

This paper assesses the sustainability of Japan’s fiscal position. The simulations indicate that, even if the government’s pension reform plan is fully implemented, the initial budget imbalance, combi...

Japan: Selected Issues

Japan: Selected Issues »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Japan: Selected Issues

Japan: Selected Issues »

Source: Japan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2012/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506341

Keywords: pension, basic pension, pension benefit, life expectancy, pension system

Japan has a universal public pension system. Social security spending is a key fiscal policy challenge in Japan. The 2004 pension reforms have increased the ratio of the government subsidy to the basic pension bene...

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Mexico

Mexico »

Source: Mexico : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note: The Pension Annuity Market

Volume/Issue: 2007/163

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451825718

Keywords: pension, benefits, annuity market, insurance companies, salary, Currrencies,

This paper presents a technical note on Mexico's Financial Sector Assessment Program update. The Mexican experience displays interesting characteristics that provide lessons for other countries that still need to d...

Migration and Pension1

Migration and Pension1 »

Source: Migration and Pension

Volume/Issue: 1998/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451980011

Keywords: Low Skilled Migrants, Pay-As-You-Go Pension, Heterogenous Population, Overlapping Generations, migration, pension, pension system, pension benefit, retirement

Migrants, being relatively low earners, are net beneficiaries of the welfare state. However, this paper uses a dynamic model to show that because of migrants’ positive influence on the pension system, which...