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Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies

Chapter 9. Pension Reforms and Risks: Challenges for Pension Systems in Advanced European Economies »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction All European countries have arrangements in place to provide income to older people when they retire. Nowadays, spending on old-age pensions is one of the largest social...

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability

Chapter 10. Pension Reforms in Japan: Options for Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Japan is taking the global lead in population aging. Life expectancy at birth in the country has increased to 83 years, which is the highest in the world. The postwar ba...

Chapter 11. Providing Adequate Old-Age Pensions in the Republic of Korea

Chapter 11. Providing Adequate Old-Age Pensions in the Republic of Korea »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Since its introduction in the 1960s, the Korean public pension system has grown rapidly. This growth has paralleled the country’s economic growth during that period. How...

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes

Chapter 2. Public Pension Spending in Advanced and Emerging Market Economies: Past Trends and Projected Outcomes »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter presents historical trends in and long-term projections of public pension spending in advanced and emerging market economies. 1...

Chapter 15. Reforming Pensions to Ensure Equitable and Adequate Retirement Incomes in China

Chapter 15. Reforming Pensions to Ensure Equitable and Adequate Retirement Incomes in China »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction China is facing many challenges in its pursuit of a prosperous and harmonious society. In the presence of increased income disparity and the progressive aging of the pop...

Chapter 19. Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation

Chapter 19. Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction As in many other countries, public pension reform in Russia is a key policy challenge. To combat the effects of the global financial crisis on the economy, in 2009–10 Ru...

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options

Chapter 12. Singapore’s Pension System: Challenges and Reform Options »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Singapore has evolved from a low-to-middle-income country to a high-income country in a relatively short period. Singapore’s economic success notwithstanding, several fa...

Chapter 3. The Role of the Public and Private Sectors in Ensuring Adequate Pensions: Theoretical Considerations

Chapter 3. The Role of the Public and Private Sectors in Ensuring Adequate Pensions: Theoretical Considerations »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

The Backdrop After brief discussion of background issues in the opening part of the chapter, the second section sets out the central lessons from economic theory and some of their ma...

Chapter 7. Who Will Pay? The Dynamics of Pension Reform and Intergenerational Equity

Chapter 7. Who Will Pay? The Dynamics of Pension Reform and Intergenerational Equity »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is a challenging fiscal issue. With the aging of the population, if pension systems are not reformed, many advanced and emerging market economies face ris...

China: A New Power in World Trade

China: A New Power in World Trade »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1995

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...