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Ireland
			: Eighth Review Under the Extended Arrangement; Staff Report; Staff Supplements; and Press Release on the Executive Board discussion

Ireland : Eighth Review Under the Extended Arrangement; Staff Report; Staff Supplements; and Press Release on the Executive Board discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2012/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475554564.002

ISBN: 9781475554564

Keywords: central bank, external debt, net debt, government debt, current account

The Eighth Review Under the Extended Arrangement discusses Ireland's fiscal policy, financial reforms, economic growth, and employment. The policy implementation of Ireland continued to remain strong, even though t...

Ireland
			: Tenth Review Under the Extended Arrangement

Ireland : Tenth Review Under the Extended Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2013/163

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532975.002

ISBN: 9781475532975

Keywords: central bank, current account, external debt, debt sustainability, net debt

Ireland's strong policy implementation and market conditions have improved macroeconomic indicators to show positive signs. However, an uncertain medium-term outlook could hamper the prospects. Bank supported recov...

Lebanon
			: Report on Performance Under the Program Supported by Emergency Post:  Conflict Assistance

Lebanon : Report on Performance Under the Program Supported by Emergency Post: Conflict Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2008/150

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451822731.002

ISBN: 9781451822731

Keywords: central bank, monetary fund, current account, inflation, net debt

The economic performance of Lebanon was significantly better despite difficult political conditions under the Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance (EPCA). With lackluster growth and fiscal tightness, the external cur...

Lebanon
			: Report on Performance Under the Program Supported by Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance

Lebanon : Report on Performance Under the Program Supported by Emergency Post-Conflict Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2007/384

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451943313.002

ISBN: 9781451943313

Keywords: international reserves, net debt, central bank, current account

This report reviews Lebanon's performance under the program supported by emergency post-conflict assistance. The 2007 program is broadly on track. Despite a difficult political environment, all end-September target...

A New Heuristic Measure of Fragility and Tail Risks
			: Application to Stress Testing

A New Heuristic Measure of Fragility and Tail Risks : Application to Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2012/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Schmieder , Tidiane Kinda , Nassim Taleb , Elena Loukoianova , and Elie Canetti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505665.001

ISBN: 9781475505665

Keywords: Stability, debt dynamics, sovereign debt, net debt, banking,

This paper presents a simple heuristic measure of tail risk, which is applied to individual bank stress tests and to public debt. Stress testing can be seen as a first order test of the level of potential negative...

Does Gross or Net Debt Matter More for Emerging Market Spreads?

Does Gross or Net Debt Matter More for Emerging Market Spreads? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563108.001

ISBN: 9781475563108

Keywords: International financial markets, Government debt, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Bonds, Interest rates, Time series, Sovereign debt, Net debt, Sovereign bond spreads

Does gross or net debt matter for long-term sovereign spreads in emerging markets? The topic is important for undestanding the borrowing cost implications of public assetliability management decisions (e.g. using a...

External Liabilities and Crises

External Liabilities and Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2013/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315910.001

ISBN: 9781484315910

Keywords: International Investment Positions, Current Account Imbalances, Foreign Exchange Reserves, net external debt, net debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems, Foreign Exchange Reserves.,

We examine the determinants of external crises, focusing on the role of foreign liabilities and their composition. Using a variety of statistical tools and comprehensive data spanning 1970-2011, we find that the ra...

The Evaluation of Debt Exchanges

The Evaluation of Debt Exchanges »

Volume/Issue: 1990/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927085.001

ISBN: 9781451927085

Keywords: claims, debt reduction, claim, contractual obligations, net debt

An approach is presented for analyzing debt-for-debt exchanges from the perspective of the exchange’s impact on the country’s contractual obligations and from the perspective of the creditors whose pa...

The U.S. Public Debt
			: Implications for Growth

The U.S. Public Debt : Implications for Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1994/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Asilis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841978.001

ISBN: 9781451841978

Keywords: public debt, fiscal correction, current account, fiscal policy, net debt

The increase in the U.S. public debt over the past twelve years raises questions about its implications for investment and economic growth. This paper places these developments within an international and historica...

Valuation of Menu items in Debt Restructuring

Valuation of Menu items in Debt Restructuring »

Volume/Issue: 1989/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960600.001

ISBN: 9781451960600

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, net debt, present value, debtor country

This paper outlines a procedure for calculating the cash value of “menu items” in debt restructuring proposals, including par and non-par exchanges, with enhancements consisting of either interest or...