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Chapter II. Macroeconomic Developments and Systemic Reforms in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R.

Chapter II. Macroeconomic Developments and Systemic Reforms in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R. »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1991

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451945010

Keywords: debt, interest, payments, oil prices, external borrowing

In most of Eastern Europe, and to a lesser extent in the U.S.S.R., a broad consensus has recently emerged on the need to move toward market-based economies. 16 While the extent of...

Chapter II Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in the Industrial Countries

Chapter II Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in the Industrial Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1991

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451944532

Keywords: debt, interest, current account, payments, debtor countries

This chapter begins with a description of the staff’s medium-term baseline projections and continues with an examination of the factors contributing to the projected growth of output, the future requirements...

CHAPTER II WHEN BUBBLES BURST

CHAPTER II WHEN BUBBLES BURST »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

This chapter contains two essays on the macroeconomic and financial after effects of the bursting of an asset price bubble. This issue is topical given the large and persistent decline in equity prices since...

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

The importance of institutions for economic development and growth has long been understood—emphasized, for example, in the writings of Adam Smith and, more recently, David Landes (1998), and recognized in t...

Chapter III Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in Industrial Countries

Chapter III Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in Industrial Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 1989

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451944884

Keywords: debt, interest, current account, debtor countries, debt service

This Chapter focuses on the medium-term evolution of key macroeconomic indicators in the industrial countries. As in previous years, the analysis draws on various medium-term projections and scenarios design...

Chapter III Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in the Developing Countries

Chapter III Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues in the Developing Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1991

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451944532

Keywords: debt, interest, current account, payments, debtor countries

Introduction The developing countries, and in particular those with debt-servicing difficulties, face a number of challenges over the medium term. First, there is concern about the i...

Chapter III. Policy Issues and Medium-Term Prospects in Industrial Countries

Chapter III. Policy Issues and Medium-Term Prospects in Industrial Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1991

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451945010

Keywords: debt, interest, payments, oil prices, external borrowing

This chapter begins with a discussion of policy issues in the industrial countries including the stance of fiscal and monetary policies, the present configuration of exchange rates, the question of financial...

CHAPTER III TRANSITION: EXPERIENCE AND POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER III TRANSITION: EXPERIENCE AND POLICY ISSUES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

The rise and subsequent failure of central planning ranks among the most significant events in the twentieth century, posing major challenges to both economic theory and policy from Prague to Beijing....

CHAPTER IV ACCESSION OF TRANSITION ECONOMIES TO THE EUROPEAN UNION: PROSPECTS AND PRESSURES

CHAPTER IV ACCESSION OF TRANSITION ECONOMIES TO THE EUROPEAN UNION: PROSPECTS AND PRESSURES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

The first decade of transition for the countries of central and eastern Europe and the Baltics (CEECs) was marked by a substantial reorientation of their economic and institutional focus toward western Europ...

Chapter IV Indebted Developing Countries: Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues

Chapter IV Indebted Developing Countries: Medium-Term Prospects and Policy Issues »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 1989

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451944884

Keywords: debt, interest, current account, debtor countries, debt service

It is now more than six years since many developing countries first encountered debt-servicing difficulties and what has become known as the debt crisis emerged. 15 During that ti...