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From Centrally-Planned to Market Economies
			: The Road from CPE to PCPE

From Centrally-Planned to Market Economies : The Road from CPE to PCPE »

Volume/Issue: 1991/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jacob Frenkel , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843446.001

ISBN: 9781451843446

Keywords: exchange rate, wage, foreign exchange, wages, wage indexation

This paper deals with the early stages of transformation of centrally-planned economies (CPEs) into market economies during which expectations play a key role. It focuses on the transitional phase during which the...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312110.001

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...

Regional Labor Market Adjustments in the United States

Regional Labor Market Adjustments in the United States »

Volume/Issue: 2014/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Dao , Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302715.001

ISBN: 9781498302715

Keywords: Foreign exchange, Labor mobility, Labor markets, Labor demand, Migrations, Regional shocks, Regional economics, Unemployment, United States, Interstate migration

We examine patterns of regional adjustments to shocks in the US during the past four decades. We find that the response of interstate migration to relative labor market conditions has decreased, while the role of t...

Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyz Republic »

Source: Kyrgyz Republic : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/224

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451821376

Keywords: employment, national bank, foreign exchange, interbank market, employment fund

The statistical data on the progress in transition, value-added in the main production sectors, industrial production, output of selected industrial and manufacturing products, consumer and producer prices, energy...

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Spending and Reserve Accumulation Policies under Volatile Aid

Volume/Issue: 2019/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ioana Moldovan , Shu-Chun Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498312110

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Private consumption, Real interest rates, Government consumption, Public goods, aid, fiscal policy, foreign exchange intervention, optimal policy, low-income countries.

This paper assesses the optimal setting of fiscal spending and foreign exchange rate intervention policies in response to volatile foreign aid, in a small open economy model that incorporates typical features of lo...

Regional Labor Market Adjustments in the United States

Regional Labor Market Adjustments in the United States »

Source: Regional Labor Market Adjustments in the United States

Volume/Issue: 2014/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Dao , Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498302715

Keywords: Foreign exchange, Labor mobility, Labor markets, Labor demand, Migrations, Regional shocks, Regional economics, Unemployment, United States, Interstate migration

We examine patterns of regional adjustments to shocks in the US during the past four decades. We find that the response of interstate migration to relative labor market conditions has decreased, while the role of t...

Slovenia

Slovenia »

Source: Slovenia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451835601

Keywords: foreign exchange, wages, wage, bank of slovenia, banking

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Slovenia during 1990-97. Output began to recover in 1993, and by 1996, Slovenia's GDP was back to its pre-independence level. Domestic demand was the main...

Tajikistan

Tajikistan »

Source: Tajikistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1996

ISBN: 9781451836936

Keywords: foreign exchange, wages, wage, benefits, banking

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Tajikistan during 1992-95. Aggregate production, dominated by the cotton and aluminum sectors, continued its decline in 1994, falling by an estimated 21 p...