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Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2017 : Achieving More with Less

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475564662

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Economic integration, Fiscal space, Development, Tax reforms, Resource allocation, inclusive growth, advanced economies, emerging market economies, advanced economy

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Country Abbreviations

Country Abbreviations »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2018 : Capitalizing on Good Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484333952

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal Monitor, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Production, debt

Code Country name AFG Afghanistan...

Debt Bias and Other Distortions

Debt Bias and Other Distortions »

Source: Debt Bias and Other Distortions : Crisis-Related Issues in Tax Policy

Volume/Issue: 2009/095

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2009

ISBN: 9781498335928

Keywords: Corporate sector, Credit risk, Debt, Debt conversion, Financial risk, Financial sector, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Housing, Stock markets

Tax distortions are likely to have encouraged excessive leveraging and other financial market problems evident in the crisis. These effects have been little explored, but are potentially macro-relevant. Taxation ca...

4 Denmark

4 Denmark »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The relatively open Danish economy, where foreign trade amounts to 25 to 30 percent of GDP, was severely affected by the two oil crises and the ensuing global recession. Denmark’s heavy dependence on importe...

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Denmark: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Denmark : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451811032

Keywords: unemployment, employment, fiscal policy, public finances, tax rates

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Danish economy continued to perform well in 1997-98. Real GDP growth of about 3 percent remained above potential and unemployment fell to 6 percent, less than h...

4. Drivers of Capital Flows and the Role of the Investor Base in Latin America

4. Drivers of Capital Flows and the Role of the Investor Base in Latin America »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2017, Western Hemisphere Department : Tale of Two Adjustments

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475575224

Keywords: Economic integration, Economic growth, Development, Fiscal policy, Flexible exchange rates, Economic policy, Regional economics, emerge market economy, commodity price, emerge market

Following a decade of strong capital inflows, Latin America is now experiencing weaker economic growth and financial inflows accompanying the end of the commodity super-cycle. Global factors, no...

Ecuador: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility—Informational Annex

Ecuador: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility—Informational Annex »

Source: Ecuador : Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Ecuador

Volume/Issue: 2019/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303583

Keywords: Central banks, Fiscal policy, Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, Public financial management, non-oil, dollarized, fuel subsidy, primary balance, mil.

The authorities face a difficult situation. Wage increases have outpaced productivity growth over the past decade which, has led to a deterioration in competitiveness. This has been exacerbated by a strong U.S. dol...

Ecuador: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Ecuador

Ecuador: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Ecuador »

Source: Ecuador : Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Ecuador

Volume/Issue: 2019/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498303583

Keywords: Central banks, Fiscal policy, Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, Public financial management, non-oil, dollarized, fuel subsidy, primary balance, mil.

The authorities face a difficult situation. Wage increases have outpaced productivity growth over the past decade which, has led to a deterioration in competitiveness. This has been exacerbated by a strong U.S. dol...

Euro Area Policies: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Euro Area Policies: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries »

Source: Euro Area Policies : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/219

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498325073

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Supply and demand, euro area, trade tension, potential growth, medium term, output gap

After a sharp slowdown starting in 2018, euro area growth is expected to recover over the course of 2019. However, mounting downside risks from global trade tensions, a no-deal Brexit, and market concerns about cou...