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Chapter 6. Do Elections Affect the Wage Bill?

Chapter 6. Do Elections Affect the Wage Bill? »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction The electoral cycle can affect fiscal policy when incumbents wish to influence political outcomes. The wage bill—which, at about 25 percent of government expenditure on...

Chapter 4. Economic and Political Determinants of Tax Policies in OECD Countries

Chapter 4. Economic and Political Determinants of Tax Policies in OECD Countries »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

This chapter explores the economic and political causes of tax policy changes in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries over the period 1990–2015. The analysis considers rate...

chapter eight Inflation Budgeting

chapter eight Inflation Budgeting »

Source: Government Budgeting and Expenditure Controls : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): A. Premchand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9780939934256

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, inflation, public expenditure, fiscal policy

Never imagine yourself not to be otherwise than what it might appear to others that what you were or might have been was not otherwise than what you had been would h...

chapter eleven Budget Innovations: Performance to Zero-Base Budgeting Systems

chapter eleven Budget Innovations: Performance to Zero-Base Budgeting Systems »

Source: Government Budgeting and Expenditure Controls : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): A. Premchand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9780939934256

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, inflation, public expenditure, fiscal policy

History has many cunning passages, contrived corridors And issues, deceives with whispering ambitions. Guides us by vanities. T. S. ELIOT, Gerontion...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

Chapter 18. Estonia: Making a Run for the Euro

Chapter 18. Estonia: Making a Run for the Euro »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Severe precrisis overheating meant that Estonia could not escape a sharp subsequent economic contraction. However, policy buffers, contingency planning, early policy...

Chapter 4. Europe

Chapter 4. Europe »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting has attracted considerable attention in Europe over the past few decades. A burgeoning momentum during the early 2000s saw a full range of stakeholders promote a broad swath of activities un...

Chapter 12. Expenditure Rules: Effective Tools for Sound Fiscal Policy?

Chapter 12. Expenditure Rules: Effective Tools for Sound Fiscal Policy? »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Discussions about the role of fiscal institutions in promoting sound public finances are increasingly at the forefront of the policy debate. This renewed focus on fiscal...

chapter fifteen Intergovernmental Fiscal Management

chapter fifteen Intergovernmental Fiscal Management »

Source: Government Budgeting and Expenditure Controls : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): A. Premchand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9780939934256

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, inflation, public expenditure, fiscal policy

So foul a sky clears not without a storm SHAKESPEARE, King John (Act. IV, sc.2) State and local governments may be inclined t...

CHAPTER 4. FINANCIAL STRESS AND ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS

CHAPTER 4. FINANCIAL STRESS AND ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2008 : Financial Stress, Downturns, and Recoveries

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067585

Keywords: inflation, current account, fiscal policy, monetary policy, commodity prices

The financial turmoil that began in the summer of 2007 has mutated into a full-blown crisis, encompassing broader securities markets and the banking systems of several advanced economies. How will macroecono...