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Chapter 2. Gathering Clouds: August 2007–September 2008

Chapter 2. Gathering Clouds: August 2007–September 2008 »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

For the first year after the start of the global crisis in August 2007—until the default of Lehman Brothers in September 2008—emerging Europe seemed to be little affected by the glo...

Chapter 5. How Meltdown Was Avoided

Chapter 5. How Meltdown Was Avoided »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

In the aftermath of the Lehman Brothers’ collapse, emerging Europe was largely spared currency and banking crises, although it could not avoid a deep recession. At the time this was...

Chapter 6. Hungary: Placing the First Call to the IMF from Emerging Europe

Chapter 6. Hungary: Placing the First Call to the IMF from Emerging Europe »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Hungary was immediately and significantly affected by global deleveraging because of its high external and public debt in conjunction with its close international fi...

Chapter 15. Kosovo: Watching the Global Crisis from the Sidelines

Chapter 15. Kosovo: Watching the Global Crisis from the Sidelines »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Kosovo’s financial and economic integration with the global economy is limited. Since the end of the Kosovo war in 1999, the emphasis has been on rebuilding the coun...

Chapter 8. Latvia: The Domino That Did Not Fall

Chapter 8. Latvia: The Domino That Did Not Fall »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Latvia went through the most extreme boom-bust cycle in all of emerging Europe. The liquidity freeze following the Lehman Brothers collapse hit very hard an economy...

Chapter 25. Lessons and Renewed Challenges

Chapter 25. Lessons and Renewed Challenges »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

This chapter tries to summarize lessons learned from the 2008/09 crisis and the subsequent recovery, not least with a view to ascertaining to what extent corrective policies have fo...

Chapter 19. Lithuania: Earning Market Confidence

Chapter 19. Lithuania: Earning Market Confidence »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Lithuania’s economic developments bear all the hallmarks of the region’s boom-bust cycle: a credit-fueled domestic demand boom largely financed by foreign banks, ove...

Chapter 14. Moldova: Rebounding on Improved Policies

Chapter 14. Moldova: Rebounding on Improved Policies »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Following a difficult early transition period, Moldova’s economy had been expanding strongly since 2000 from low income levels. Growth became increasingly domestic d...

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster

Chapter 24. Montenegro: Riding the Capital Flow Roller Coaster »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

In its brief history since independence in 2006, Montenegro has been buffeted by strong, and sequentially opposing, external shocks. The postindependence boom, on th...

Chapter 12. Poland: A Beacon of Resilience in Europe

Chapter 12. Poland: A Beacon of Resilience in Europe »

Source: How Emerging Europe Came Through the 2008/09 Crisis : An Account by the Staff of the IMF's European Department

Series: Books

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Christoph Klingen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353810

Keywords: capital inflows, public finances, fiscal policy, public debt, capital adequacy

Poland fared far better than most of its emerging European neighbors during the global financial crisis. It is the only EU economy to have escaped outright recession...