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4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias

4 Addressing the Procyclical Bias »

Source: Promoting Fiscal Discipline

Series: Books

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066090

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, fiscal performance, fiscal rules, fiscal discipline

Since political economy factors are an important determinant of procyclicality of policies, measures to contain the misuse of fiscal policy discretion can be benefic...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Ex Post Assessment of Longer-Term Program Engagement

Volume/Issue: 2005/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451800791

Keywords: expenditure, tax revenue, public expenditure, expenditure management, fiscal policy

This report presents an Ex Post Assessment of Albania's Longer-Term-Program Engagement with the IMF. Albania has been engaged in a series of IMF-supported programs since the beginning of transition. This report pro...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

In the past, aid recipients often experienced sharp swings in aid flows. Net aid flows to Pakistan, for example, increased by a factor of 2.5 between 1997 and 2004, and nearly tripled to Ethiopia during the...

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

It will be essential for low-income countries to make efficient use of scaled-up aid to ensure sustained progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In particular, efficient spending in priority...

Appendix I Data and Definitions

Appendix I Data and Definitions »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

An adjustment episode is defined as any year or succession of years of uninterrupted improvement in the fiscal primary balance, and focuses on the consolidated central government (o...

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Table A2.1. Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes 1...

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Thirteen case studies were prepared to supplement the empirical analysis. 19 The case studies offer further evidence about success and adjustment d...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....