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APPENDIX 1 Interest Rate-Growth Differential

APPENDIX 1 Interest Rate-Growth Differential »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, November 2010 : Fiscal Exit: From Strategy to Implementation

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Philip Gerson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2010

ISBN: 9781616350475

Keywords: public debt, vat, fiscal adjustment, fiscal policy, debt ratios

Debt dynamics depend crucially on the interest rate-growth differential. Other things given, the larger the differential (hereafter, r—g, or the differential), the larger the increa...

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

The duration of fiscal consolidation can be expressed by a hazard function. A hazard function measures the probability that a fiscal consolidation will end in time period t, provide...

Appendix 2 Outreach Activities

Appendix 2 Outreach Activities »

Source: IEO Annual Report 2013

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484346563

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, monetary fund, fiscal reform, fiscal policy, fiscal stance

October 2012, Tokyo, Japan Consultations about IEO’s future work program with country delegations during the Annual Meetings. November 2012, London, Unit...

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies

Appendix 1. Reforming Energy Subsidies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Energy subsidies are high in many emerging market economies and low-income countries because of limited pass-through of recent increases in international energy prices to domestic c...

APPENDIX 4 Risks to Medium-Term Public Debt Trajectories

APPENDIX 4 Risks to Medium-Term Public Debt Trajectories »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, November 2010 : Fiscal Exit: From Strategy to Implementation

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): Philip Gerson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2010

ISBN: 9781616350475

Keywords: public debt, vat, fiscal adjustment, fiscal policy, debt ratios

The analysis of near-term rollover risks in Chapter 4 highlights various sources of uncertainty that also affect medium-term public debt trajectories. A quantitative assessment of t...

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Figure A5.1. Event Studies: Key Macroeconomic Indicators (Annual percentage change, unless indicated otherwise)...

An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis

An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis »

Source: An Approach to Long-Term Fiscal Policy Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2004/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Papa N'Diaye , and Steven Dunaway

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451853735

Keywords: Population Aging, fiscal adjustment, fiscal pressures, expenditures, fiscal costs, National Government Expenditures and Health,

This paper proposes an approach to setting fiscal policy that factors in the longer-term budgetary pressures that countries face owing, in particular, to population aging and rising health care costs. The approach...

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue »

Source: Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Volume/Issue: 2008/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869415

Keywords: permanent income hypothesis, diamond-related fiscal revenue, expenditure, fiscal revenue, government expenditure, fiscal rule, fiscal adjustment,

This study assesses the sustainability of Botswana’s diamond-related fiscal revenue. Diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to sustain a high level of expenditure. Under the c...

Assessing the Impact and Phasing of Multi-year Fiscal Adjustment

Assessing the Impact and Phasing of Multi-year Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Assessing the Impact and Phasing of Multi-year Fiscal Adjustment : A General Framework

Volume/Issue: 2013/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ran Bi , Haonan Qu , and James Roaf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484318669

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, fiscal multipliers, fiscal tightening, fiscal stance, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustments, fiscal sustainability, fiscal measures, primary deficit, fiscal adjustment efforts

This paper provides a general framework to assess the output and debt dynamics of an economy undertaking multi-year fiscal adjustment. The framework allows country-specific assumptions about the magnitude and persi...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Austria: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475575088

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, tax burden, taxation

This paper presents details of Austria's 2013 Article IV Consultation. Austria has been growing economically but is facing challenges in the financial sector. Full implementation of medium-term fiscal adjustment pl...