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Romania
			: Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification and Establishment of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Supplementary Information; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director and the Senior Advisor to the Executive Director for Romania

Romania : Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification and Establishment of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Supplementary Information; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director and the Senior Advisor to the Executive Director for Romania »

Volume/Issue: 2011/20

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455213788.002

ISBN: 9781455213788

Keywords: debt, interest, deficit, budget, external debt

The comprehensive program supported by the IMF, the European Union, and the World Bank has helped Romania in stabilizing its economy, reversing imbalances, rebuilding confidence of international financial markets,...

Romania
			: Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification and Establishment of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Supplementary Information; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director and the Senior Advisor to the Executive Director for Romania

Romania : Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification and Establishment of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Supplementary Information; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director and the Senior Advisor to the Executive Director for Romania »

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455213658.002

ISBN: 9781455213658

Keywords: debt, deficit, interest, budget, external debt

The comprehensive program supported by the IMF, the European Union, and the World Bank has helped Romania in stabilizing its economy, reversing imbalances, rebuilding confidence of international financial markets,...

Romania
			: Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation, Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Modification and Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director for Romania.

Romania : Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation, Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Modification and Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; Statement by the Executive Director for Romania. »

Volume/Issue: 2010/227

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455203468.002

ISBN: 9781455203468

Keywords: debt, deficit, interest, budget, external debt

The growth outlook remains weak and uncertain. Romania's decision to rely primarily on expenditure cuts to close the fiscal gap is ambitious, but entails implementation risks. Progress on fiscal reforms has resumed...

Romania
			: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation, Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria

Romania : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation, Sixth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2012/290

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475540765.002

ISBN: 9781475540765

Keywords: external debt, public debt, current account, central bank, current account deficit

Significant progress has been made in macroeconomic stabilization under two successive SBAs but the economic recovery remains fragile. Growth is expected to remain subdued in the near term and to only gradually rec...

Romania
			: Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Romania.

Romania : Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Romania. »

Volume/Issue: 2012/11

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463932510.002

ISBN: 9781463932510

Keywords: external debt, public debt, current account, central bank, debt sustainability, Fiscal reforsm,

This paper discusses key findings of the Third Review of Romania's economic performance under a program supported by a 24-month Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). The authorities are on track to achieve their 2011-12 defi...

Russian Federation
			: 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Russian Federation : 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2008/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833171.002

ISBN: 9781451833171

Keywords: debt, interest, deficit, external debt

The 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation highlights that the Russian banking system has proven to be relatively resilient in the face of worldwide turmoil. The central bank is still intervening...

Capital Flows to Central and Eastern Europe

Capital Flows to Central and Eastern Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2006/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864489.001

ISBN: 9781451864489

Keywords: Trade balance, rates of return, net external position, FDI, liabilities, debt, external debt, external liabilities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

We examine the evolution of the net external asset positions of Central and Eastern Europe (CEEC) countries over the past decade, with a strong emphasis on the composition of their international balance sheets. We...

Determinants of Investment Grade Status in Emerging Markets

Determinants of Investment Grade Status in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2010/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200764.001

ISBN: 9781455200764

Keywords: Credit Ratings, Rating Agencies, external public debt, external debt, domestic public debt, private external debt

Emerging market countries seek investment grade status to lower financing costs for the sovereign, expand the pool of potential investors to institutional investors, and allow corporates the possibility of reducing...

External Liabilities and Crises

External Liabilities and Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2013/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315910.001

ISBN: 9781484315910

Keywords: International Investment Positions, Current Account Imbalances, Foreign Exchange Reserves, net external debt, net debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems, Foreign Exchange Reserves.,

We examine the determinants of external crises, focusing on the role of foreign liabilities and their composition. Using a variety of statistical tools and comprehensive data spanning 1970-2011, we find that the ra...

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets?

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oya Celasun , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874112.001

ISBN: 9781451874112

Keywords: syndicated loans, yield spreads, creditor rights, public external debt, bond, external public debt,

Using data on syndicated loan issuances by emerging market firms, we find that an increase in the external debt of emerging market governments significantly raises the borrowing costs of the domestic corporate sect...