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Pakistan
			: Request for Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Pakistan : Request for Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2008/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830736.002

ISBN: 9781451830736

Keywords: current account deficit, current account, external debt, capital inflows, balance of payments

Pakistan's authorities have requested a 23-month Stand-By Arrangement for SDR 5.169 billion in support of their macroeconomic stabilization program. The authorities' program envisages a tightening of fiscal and mon...

Pakistan
			: Second Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Second Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2014/90

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475581331.002

ISBN: 9781475581331

Keywords: government debt, current account, balance of payments, domestic debt, external debt

This paper assesses Pakistan's Second Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Waivers of Non-Observance of Performance Criteria. Discussions focused on progress in addressing the main macroeconomic ch...

Pakistan
			: Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2001/142

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830552.002

ISBN: 9781451830552

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, external debt

Pakistan showed good macroeconomic performance and structural reforms under the program supported by the Stand-By Arrangement. Executive Directors welcomed this development, and stressed the need for sustained impl...

Pakistan
			: Sixth and Seventh Reviews Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria

Pakistan : Sixth and Seventh Reviews Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria »

Volume/Issue: 2003/338

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830606.002

ISBN: 9781451830606

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, external debt, public sector

Monetary developments in the first half of 2003 were largely in line with expectations, except for credit to the private sector, which has accelerated significantly in recent months. The overall deficit of the cons...

Pakistan
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring.

Pakistan : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring. »

Volume/Issue: 2012/35

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463939090.002

ISBN: 9781463939090

Keywords: banking, decentralization, current account, banking system, external debt

Pakistan has implemented some reforms, including improvements in tax administration, removal of some tax exemptions, and the introduction of an interest rate corridor. The macroeconomic policies are overly expansio...

Pakistan
			: Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion

Pakistan : Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criterion »

Volume/Issue: 2001/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451830590.002

ISBN: 9781451830590

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, external debt, deficit

Pakistan showed commendable performance under the Stand-By Arrangement. Executive Directors noted the substantial progress in the structural reforms, but expressed concerns about the slippage in revenue performance...

External Liabilities and Crises

External Liabilities and Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2013/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315910.001

ISBN: 9781484315910

Keywords: International Investment Positions, Current Account Imbalances, Foreign Exchange Reserves, net external debt, net debt, current account balance, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Lending and Debt Problems, Foreign Exchange Reserves.,

We examine the determinants of external crises, focusing on the role of foreign liabilities and their composition. Using a variety of statistical tools and comprehensive data spanning 1970-2011, we find that the ra...

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology
			: An Evaluation

Sovereign Credit Ratings Methodology : An Evaluation »

Volume/Issue: 2002/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashok Bhatia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858433.001

ISBN: 9781451858433

Keywords: early warning, risk, sovereign, vulnerability, bonds, bond, financial system, sovereign default, external debt, Market Structure and Pricing: General

This paper describes and evaluates the sovereign credit ratings methodologies of Standard & Poor's, Moody's Investors Service, and Fitch Ratings. A simple definition of ratings failure-based on ratings stability-is...

Independent Evaluation Office Comments on Management/Staff Responses to the Evaluation of Prolonged Use of Fund Resources

Independent Evaluation Office Comments on Management/Staff Responses to the Evaluation of Prolonged Use of Fund Resources »

Source: Evaluation of Prolonged Use of IMF Resources

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589062054

Keywords: balance of payments, current account, tax administration, external debt

1. The statement by the Managing Director and the staff response circulated separately indicate general agreement with many of the report’s findings and state that a number of the report’s recommendations ha...

IV Survey of Recent Debt Problems

IV Survey of Recent Debt Problems »

Source: External Indebtedness of Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ulrich Baumgartner , G. Johnson , K. Dillon , R. Williams , Peter Keller , Maria Tyler , Bahram Nowzad , G. Kincaid , and Tomás Reichmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1981

ISBN: 9781451935875

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, debt service, interest

Main Developments Debt problems cannot be considered in isolation from the underlying balance of payments conditions: they are a manifestation of an imbalance between resource availa...