Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 84 items :

  • Occasional Papers x
  • Keywords: expenditure x
Clear All
1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide

1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

The euro area crisis has entered into a new stage in the context of a marked global slowdown. Tensions have moved from the euro area periphery to some core economies, prompting new policy interv...

Annex

Annex »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(a) Constructing a Trade Interconnectedness Index The trade interconnectedness index (TII) is the weighted average of indicators capturing the importance of bilateral trade between c...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(As of September 7, 2011) Country...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

1 Australia

1 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Compared with most of the smaller industrial economies, Australia has a small external trade sector—foreign trade amounts to approximately 15 percent of GDP. Although this and abundant energy resources have...

2 Austria

2 Austria »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The openness of the Austrian economy, in which foreign trade amounts to approximately one fourth of GDP, makes it vulnerable to external disturbances; consequently, a major aim of fiscal policy has been to s...

3 Belgium

3 Belgium »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Following several years of strong growth, real GDP declined by almost 2 percent in 1975; after a sharp recovery in 1976, when over 5 percent real growth was registered, economic activity again turned sluggis...

Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior

Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior »

Source: Boom-Bust Phases in Asset Prices and Fiscal Policy Behavior

Volume/Issue: 2004/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451847543

Keywords: Boom-bust cycles, cyclical adjustment, deficit bias, fiscal balances, expenditure, fiscal balance, expenditure growth,

Boom and bust phases in asset prices have become a pervasive feature of macroeconomic developments in many advanced economies. This paper studies fiscal policy during boom-bust phases in asset prices and draws seve...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1 »

Source: Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...