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Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries

Subnational Health Spending and Soft Budget Constraints in OECD Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Adam Leive , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201303.001

ISBN: 9781455201303

Keywords: Healthcare spending, decentralization, soft budget constraints, health spending, budget constraints, public health, health expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Health,

Government spending on health has grown as a percent of GDP over the last 40 years in industrialized countries. Widespread decentralization of healthcare systems has often accompanied this increase in spending. In...

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management »

Volume/Issue: 2009/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873900.001

ISBN: 9781451873900

Keywords: Top-down, budget institutions, policy prioritization, expenditure, budget process, fiscal policy, total expenditure, expenditure level,

This paper examines the rationale for a top-down approach to budget preparation and approval, and discusses some factors that have to be considered when reorienting the budget process along these lines. The paper a...

Fiscal Adjustments
			: Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867428.001

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...

5 Implications of Past Fiscal Developments and Policies

5 Implications of Past Fiscal Developments and Policies »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

In this chapter, a desirable method of analysis would have been to link movements in the fiscal data presented in Chapter 2 to indicators of economic performance; however, such an approach was not possible f...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

This part of the study serves as a background to the comparative analysis in Part I. It traces some of the prominent features of fiscal developments in the 1970s and early 1980s in...

7 Ireland

7 Ireland »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Ireland recorded positive growth rates in every year from 1972 to 1982. The growth path was irregular, however, ranging between 2 percent and 8 percent a year, reflecting the vulnerability of the highly open...

8 Luxembourg

8 Luxembourg »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

External influences predominate in the exceptionally open Luxembourg economy where foreign trade amounts to 85 percent of GDP, if services are included. The steel industry is the major contributor to exports...

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience

Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience »

Source: Medium-Term Budgetary Frameworks - Lessons for Austria from International Experience

Volume/Issue: 2008/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lundback

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870213

Keywords: Fiscal Frameworks, mtbf, expenditure, expenditures, fiscal policies,

The Austrian government is about to introduce a new fiscal management framework. The first step is to introduce a medium-term budgetary framework, including an expenditure rule. The paper focuses on this first step...

9 Netherlands

9 Netherlands »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

During 1972–76, with the exception of 1975 when real GDP declined by 1 percent, economic growth was fairly strong in the Netherlands, averaging 4½ percent a year. Since 1977, however, growth rates have been...

10 New Zealand

10 New Zealand »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Unstable and increasingly difficult export market conditions for New Zealand’s agricultural products, which account for 70 percent of total exports, and the two oil crises occasioned considerable instability...