Browse

You are looking at 21 - 30 of 54 items :

  • Keywords: expenditure x
Clear All
II. Perspectivas para a América Latina e o Caribe

II. Perspectivas para a América Latina e o Caribe »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Principais fatos e perspectivas A região tem conseguido superar as turbulências recentes do mercado, e as perspectivas econômicas para 2007–08 continuam, em geral, ba...

III. An Overview of Macroeconomic Measures in Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

III. An Overview of Macroeconomic Measures in Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Several studies have surveyed the adjustment measures which have been employed in Fund-supported programs in recent years, concentrating on both the external and domestic fiscal adjustment efforts....

III. É Resistente a Expansão Econômica da América Latina?

III. É Resistente a Expansão Econômica da América Latina? »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Um dos fatos marcantes na história econômica da América Latina é a freqüência com que o processo de crescimento, após iniciar-se, sofre reveses. Os episódios de expansão normalmente são de curta duração e cu...

Peru
			: Selected Issues Paper

Peru : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2012/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463940423.002

ISBN: 9781463940423

Keywords: fiscal framework, expenditures, fiscal impulse, structural fiscal

Peru's fiscal framework embedded in the Fiscal Responsibility and Transparency Law (FRTL) has proved to be effective in reducing debt. The FRTL embodies some countercyclical elements in response to output or commod...

Fiscal Policy in Latin America
			: Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis

Fiscal Policy in Latin America : Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Oya Celasun , Francesco Grigoli , Keiko Honjo , Javier Kapsoli , Alexander Klemm , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Luksic , Marialuz Moreno Badia , Joana Pereira , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , Baoping Shang , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304412.006

ISBN: 9781498304412

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Latin America, fiscal institutions, debt, expenditure, financial crisis, Structure and Scope of Government, General, General, General,

Latin America's bold fiscal policy reaction to the global financial crisis was hailed as a sign that the region had finally overcome its procyclical fiscal past. However, most countries of the region have not yet r...

A New Action-based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation in Latin America and the Caribbean

A New Action-based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2018/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484353059.001

ISBN: 9781484353059

Keywords: Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Taxation, Uruguay, Western Hemisphere, Argentina, Fiscal policy, Guatemala, Jamaica

This paper presents a new database of fiscal consolidations for 14 Latin American and Caribbean economies during 1989-2016. We focus on discretionary changes in taxes and government spending primarily motivated by...

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2003/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Hamid Davoodi , and Sawitree Asawanuchit

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875430.001

ISBN: 9781451875430

Keywords: benefit incidence, public spending on education and health, targeting, progressivity, health spending, health care, public spending, incidence of public spending, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education,

This paper provides a primer on benefit incidence analysis (BIA) for macroeconomists and a new data set on the benefit incidence of education and health spending covering 56 countries over 1960-2000, representing a...

Index 1992 Volume 29

Index 1992 Volume 29 »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451951806

Keywords: poverty reduction, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditure, food subsidies

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

IV. O Crescimento da Receita e a Solidez das Posições Fiscais Subjacentes

IV. O Crescimento da Receita e a Solidez das Posições Fiscais Subjacentes »

Source: Perspectivas Econômicas, November 2007 : As Américas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2007

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781589066960

Keywords: inflation, commodity prices, capital inflows, financial sector, bond, expenditure, financial institutions, bank credit, expenditures, financial markets

Em muitos países da América Latina, os saldos fiscais tiveram uma melhora constante entre 2002 e 2006. Inicialmente, isso foi reflexo de uma redução das despesas em relação ao PIB, que chegaram ao seu patama...

IV. Revenue Policies

IV. Revenue Policies »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Many Fund-supported programs contain specific statements about revenue policies and the increased ratio of revenue to gross national product (GNP). Programs in the 1970s often had plans to increase the ratio...