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Euro Area Policies
			: 2007 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries

Euro Area Policies : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Member Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/260

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813074.002

ISBN: 9781451813074

Keywords: exchange rate, labor market, current account

The Euro Area Policies' 2007 Article IV Consultation reports that the economy is poised for a sustained upswing because of cyclical considerations and policies, which have had a forward-looking cast. The area's ext...

Greece
			: Selected Issues

Greece : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451816280.002

ISBN: 9781451816280

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, current account deficit, real exchange rate, real exchange

This Selected Issues paper examines three areas of key policy importance for Greece in the coming years. The paper documents the loss of international competitiveness in recent years, as well as the accompanying wi...

Greece
			: Selected Issues

Greece : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/155

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484363683.002

ISBN: 9781484363683

Keywords: labor market, exchange rate, labor market reforms, labor markets, fixed exchange rate

Rigidities in Greece's product and labor markets leading to economic imbalances and the significance of reforms to these markets are played out in the first paper. The second paper describes the problems, progress...

Greece
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Greece : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2001/57

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451816136.002

ISBN: 9781451816136

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, average inflation, current account, interest rates

This paper provides model-based projections of inflation, and quantifies the impact of the factors that determine inflation. The reasons behind the poor labor market performance in Greece and the remedial policies...

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now »

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Jesmin Rahman , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504644.006

ISBN: 9781475504644

Keywords: Euro Area, Real effective exchange rates, Macroprudential Policy, Growth, unemployment, macroeconomic policy, structural reform, fiscal policy, labor market, employment

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Default in Today's Advanced Economies
			: Unnecessary, Undesirable, and Unlikely

Default in Today's Advanced Economies : Unnecessary, Undesirable, and Unlikely »

Volume/Issue: 2010/12

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , Paolo Mauro , Lorenzo Forni , and Jan Gottschalk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455261307.004

ISBN: 9781455261307

Keywords: Debt restructuring, Developed countries, Budget deficits, Exchange rate adjustments, Public debt, Public finance, Sovereign debt, Interest rates, Fiscal adjustment, debt

This note summarizes the main arguments put forward by some market commentators who argue that default is inevitable, and presents a rebuttal for each argument in turn. Their main arguments focus on the size of the...

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System

A Primeron the IMF's Information Notice System »

Volume/Issue: 1997/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alessandro Zanello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960020.001

ISBN: 9781451960020

Keywords: Effective exchange rates, reer, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, export markets

This paper describes the methodology and the data used to compute nominal and real effective exchange rate indices in the International Monetary Fund’s Information Notice System (INS). In particular, it high...

Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area
			: France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain

Competitiveness in the Southern Euro Area : France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain »

Volume/Issue: 2008/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bogdan Lissovolik , Julio Escolano , Stefania Fabrizio , Werner Schule , Herman Bennett , Stephen Tokarick , Yuan Xiao , Marialuz Moreno Badia , Eva Gutierrez , and Iryna Ivaschenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869729.001

ISBN: 9781451869729

Keywords: Competitiveness, export structure, product quality, services exports, outsourcing, value-added, technological intensity, restructuring, growth, industry and trade

This collection of studies analyzes developments in nonprice external competitiveness of France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. While France, Italy, and Portugal have experienced substantial export market shar...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846928.001

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...

Euro Area Export Performance and Competitiveness

Euro Area Export Performance and Competitiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2011/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jarkko Turunen , Richard Harmsen , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265459.001

ISBN: 9781455265459

Keywords: Competitiveness, Trade equations, euro, export, reer, exchange rates, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

Concerns about export growth within the euro area peripheral countries due to a lack of competitiveness within the euro area are a key policy issue. Our analysis suggests that: (i) Long-term price elasticities for...