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CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

Low-income countries (LICs) are being hit hard by the global financial crisis. They are facing a sharp contraction in export growth, foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, and remittances, as well as lower...

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The energy-rich CCA countries (ER-CCA; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) have achieved significant improvements in living standards with the development and use of their energy wealth since the break...

Chapter 4. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in the CCA: Progress, Challenges, and Policies for the Next Decade

Chapter 4. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in the CCA: Progress, Challenges, and Policies for the Next Decade »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past twenty years, CCA countries have made significant progress in strengthening monetary and exchange rate policy frameworks and in securing better policy outcomes—lower inflation and interest rate...

CHAPTER 2 Outlook for Global Growth and Commodity Prices

CHAPTER 2 Outlook for Global Growth and Commodity Prices »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

The world economy is beginning to pull out of the deepest slump since the Great Depression, but stabilization is uneven and the recovery remains fragile. Financial conditions have improved, as unprecedented...

Chapter 8. Policies to Strengthen CCA External Linkages

Chapter 8. Policies to Strengthen CCA External Linkages »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Enhanced economic and financial cooperation with the rest of world and within the CCA offers tremendous opportunities for economic diversification and structural transformation to ensure sustainable growth....

CHAPTER 4 Policy Responses

CHAPTER 4 Policy Responses »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

Most LICs have implemented countercyclical fiscal policies, preserving or expanding spending to support the economy and protect the poor. But, given the limited scaling up of aid, many countries are resortin...

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30 »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Ambitious and decisive structural reforms are necessary for a better business environment and strong private-sector-led growth. Throughout their transition, CCA countries have advanced first generation refor...

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the last 20 years, and particularly during the decade that followed their independence, CCA countries put in place the first pillars of a modern financial system, allowing for substantial financial deep...

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past two decades growth in the CCA region has been strong, but volatile, uneven, and narrowly based. Success in raising income per capita has varied across countries and seems tied to natural resour...

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Under current policies, per capita GDP growth in CCA countries will fall short of that achieved in the past two decades. By pursuing ambitious reforms to support higher, more stable, sustainable, and inclusi...