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II Macroeconomic Implications of CAFTA-DR

II Macroeconomic Implications of CAFTA-DR »

Source: Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Five Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) and the United States signed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) in May 2004. The Dominican Republi...

III Trade Liberalization and Tax Coordination

III Trade Liberalization and Tax Coordination »

Source: Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

The free trade agreements between the Central American countries, the Dominican Republic, and the United States (CAFTA-DR) are expected to have a significant impact in many areas of the region’s economies, i...

Crisis and Recovery
			: Role of the Exchange Rate Regime in Emerging Market Countries

Crisis and Recovery : Role of the Exchange Rate Regime in Emerging Market Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209422.001

ISBN: 9781455209422

Keywords: Global financial crisis, fixed exchange rate, growth, emerging market economies, exchange rate regime, exchange rate, current account balance, terms of trade

This paper examines the role of the exchange rate regime in explaining how emerging market economies fared in the recent global financial crisis, particularly in terms of output losses and growth resilience. After...

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals
			: Purgatory…not Paradise

Exchange Rate Flexibility and Credit during Capital Inflow Reversals : Purgatory…not Paradise »

Volume/Issue: 2014/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , and Esteban Vesperoni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543735.001

ISBN: 9781475543735

Keywords: reversals, macro-prudential, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate flexibility, flexible exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

We document the behavior of macro and credit variables during episodes of capital inflows reversals in economies with different degrees of exchange rate flexibility. We find that exchange rate flexibility is associ...

How much should I hold?  Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands

How much should I hold? Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Markets and Small Islands »

Volume/Issue: 2012/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505559.001

ISBN: 9781475505559

Keywords: Logit and quantile regression, Islands, EMP, Deleveraging, reserve holdings, short-term debt, current account, balance of payments, exchange rate regimes, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation

This paper investigates the drivers of reserves in emerging markets (EMs) and small island (SIs) and develops an operational metric for estimating reserves in SIs taking into account their unique characteristics. I...

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems »

Volume/Issue: 1989/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930559.001

ISBN: 9781451930559

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper surveys briefly the main issues for official management of foreign exchange, including the choice of exchange rate regime and exchange and trade restrictive systems. It concludes by identifying the main...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems*

Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems* »

Source: Issues of Openness and Flexibility for Foreign Exchange Systems

Volume/Issue: 1989/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451930559

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper surveys briefly the main issues for official management of foreign exchange, including the choice of exchange rate regime and exchange and trade restrictive systems. It concludes by identifying the main...

IV Fiscal Sustainability: A Value-at-Risk Approach

IV Fiscal Sustainability: A Value-at-Risk Approach »

Source: Central America : Global Integration and Regional Cooperation

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2005

ISBN: 9781589064461

Keywords: Tax administration, Statistics, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, free trade, trade diversion

Recurring debt problems and high public debt have brought the issue of fiscal sustainability to the foreground in several Central American countries. Although public debt-to-GDP ratios have started to come d...

The Macroeconomy of Central America

The Macroeconomy of Central America »

Series: Books

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781403936523.071

ISBN: 9781403936523

Keywords: exchange rate, public debt, dollarization, exchange rate regime, debt service

Opportunities for growth and investment in Central America could well improve in the coming years, as the region's ties with the world economy grow closer. This integration, however, also presents important challen...