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1. Advanced Europe: Beyond Crisis Management

1. Advanced Europe: Beyond Crisis Management »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Europe, Building Confidence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069510

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, fiscal consolidation, fiscal policy, capital flows

With strong policy action to contain sovereign debt problems in the euro area, the recovery continues. But lingering uncertainties and market pressures make for moderate and unequal growth acros...

5. Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean

5. Advancing Financial Development in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015: Western Hemisphere Department : Adjusting Under Pressure

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513575209

Keywords: Trade integration, Fiscal consolidation, Commodity prices, Exchange rate flexibility, interest, trade, exchange, interest rates, financial development

In recent years, many Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries have made significant efforts to develop their financial systems. This chapter examines the current state of financial developm...

Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path

Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

Africa’s Quest for Prosperity: Has Adjustment Helped?

Africa’s Quest for Prosperity: Has Adjustment Helped? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1994

Volume/Issue: 31/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451952599

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rates, overvalued exchange rates, terms of trade, nontariff barriers

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

1. Afrique subsaharienne: surmonter la tourmente

1. Afrique subsaharienne: surmonter la tourmente »

Source: Perspectives économiques régionales, Octobre 2009 : Afrique subsaharienne Surmonter la tourmente

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589069008

Keywords: debt, fiscal policy, exporting countries, oil exporters, oil-importing countries, importing countries, exchange rate regime, debt sustainability, exporters, deficits

De 2002 à 2007, la production de l’Afrique subsaharienne a augmenté à un taux annuel de quelque 6½ %—le plus élevé depuis plus de trente ans. Mais, avec le déclenchement de la grande récession,...

5 Agendas for the Bretton Woods Institutions

5 Agendas for the Bretton Woods Institutions »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Introduction Abdlatif Y. Al-Hamad remarked that, as an observer and practitioner in the field of development for more than 30 years, he wondered whether the agenda fo...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

“Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries: Exchange Rate Versus PPP-Based GDP Weights”

“Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries: Exchange Rate Versus PPP-Based GDP Weights” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/1 - WP/92/47)

Volume/Issue: 1992/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451966480

Keywords: foreign currency, currency substitution, exchange rate, rational expectations

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Agricultural growth and rural nonfarm activities

Agricultural growth and rural nonfarm activities »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1983

Volume/Issue: 20/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1983

ISBN: 9781616353537

Keywords: import, inflation, currency, exchange rate, financial markets

This paper discusses quantitative indicators that measure such macroeconomic variables as the growth of national product, inflation. The importance of considering several indicators in a dynamic context becomes par...

Agricultural Trade Policies of Industrial Countries

Agricultural Trade Policies of Industrial Countries »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1989

Volume/Issue: 26/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451952988

Keywords: trade liberalization, exchange rate, balance of payments, real exchange rate, liberalization policies

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...