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II. Inflation Process in Uruguay

II. Inflation Process in Uruguay »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

Following chronic high inflation, Uruguay reduced inflation gradually through a disinflation program in the 1990s, reaching single digits by 1998. Inflation has since remained moderate, except for an outburs...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a larger role in monetary policy for inflation-targeting emerging economies than for inflation-targeting advanced economies. Inflation-targeting emerging economies have less flexible...

II Monetary Policy Issues

II Monetary Policy Issues »

Source: Policy Issues in the Evolving International Monetary System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Taylor , Peter Isard , Morris Goldstein , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1992

ISBN: 9781557752345

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, inflation, monetary fund, monetary union

Facilitating Transactions and Ensuring Price Stability A key role of money is to facilitate transactions and thereby to increase economic efficiency relative to a situation of barter...

II Nature of Exchange Rate Regimes

II Nature of Exchange Rate Regimes »

Source: Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

The appropriate choice of an exchange rate regime and the economic and other factors that should influence that choice are the subjects of an immense literature. 1 Th...

II Nominal Anchors

II Nominal Anchors »

Source: Characteristics of a Successful Exchange Rate System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson , Morris Goldstein , and Jacob Frenkel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752154

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, inflation, monetary fund

Any successful exchange rate system needs some mechanism for avoiding both global inflation and deflation. Clearly, exchange rates alone cannot serve as the nominal anchor for the system. Not all countries c...

II Taking Stock

II Taking Stock »

Source: Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

Starting in the late 1980s, most Latin American countries began introducing market-based structural reforms in a range of areas, especially international trade, the financial sector, the tax system, and stat...

II The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes: A Fresh Look

II The Evolution of Exchange Rate Regimes: A Fresh Look »

Source: Evolution and Performance of Exchange Rate Regimes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robin Brooks , Kenneth Rogoff , Ashoka Mody , Nienke Oomes , and Aasim Husain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2004

ISBN: 9781589063273

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

Is there an observed tendency for exchange rate regimes to drift to the polar extremes of hard pegs and free floats, with a hollowing of the middle between the two? Have regime chan...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

II Trends and Explanations

II Trends and Explanations »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

In general terms, dollarization is a response to economic instability and high inflation, and to the desire of domestic residents to diversify their asset portfolios. In conditions of hyperinflation, dollari...

III. A Theoretical Analysis of Financial Programming: Monetary and Fiscal Policy

III. A Theoretical Analysis of Financial Programming: Monetary and Fiscal Policy »

Source: Theoretical Aspects of the Design of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1987

ISBN: 9780939934997

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, aggregate demand, monetary fund, inflation

The previous section has described Fund-supported adjustment programs as complex packages of policy measures designed to achieve a viable balance of payments, in the medium term if not in the short term. Whi...