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2 Assessing Macroeconomic Policies

2 Assessing Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Paraguay : Addressing the Stagnation and Instability Trap

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alejandro Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589068520

Keywords: inflation, central bank, exchange rate, monetary policy, monetary fund

The main macroeconomic problem in Paraguay is the persistence of high unemployment and low growth for an extended period of time. Over the past 50 years, Paraguay ha...

CHAPTER 5: Aid, Growth, and Competitiveness

CHAPTER 5: Aid, Growth, and Competitiveness »

Source: Tanzania : The Story of an African Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Roger Nord , Yuri Sobolev , David G. Dunn , Alejandro Hajdenberg , Niko Hobdari , Samar Maziad , and Stéphane Roudet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589068223

Keywords: foreign exchange, monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, banking

History and Evolution of Aid to Tanzania Tanzania has long received substantial amounts of donor aid. Since the mid-1970s, aid has consistently exceeded 5 percent of GDP a year, and...

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Following a long period of multiple and unstable exchange rates in Iran, the exchange rate was successfully unified in March 2002. Since then, Iran has adopted a managed float exchange rate regime and elimin...

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

Financial systems in the ACTs could gain significantly from reforms that foster financial stability and development. Although banks are sizeable, competition remains limited, with significant state ownership...

CHAPTER 6: Challenges for the Future

CHAPTER 6: Challenges for the Future »

Source: Tanzania : The Story of an African Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Roger Nord , Yuri Sobolev , David G. Dunn , Alejandro Hajdenberg , Niko Hobdari , Samar Maziad , and Stéphane Roudet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589068223

Keywords: foreign exchange, monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, banking

Building on Achievement Tanzania has made remarkable progress over the past two decades. It has achieved, and maintained, macroeconomic stability. The structural transformation of th...

Chapter 1: Economic Growth

Chapter 1: Economic Growth »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran faces the challenge of increasing its growth rate to reduce unemployment and improve the living standards of its population over the medium term. Growth performance in recent years (6 percent during 200...

CHAPTER 4: Establishing Effective Monetary Policy and a Vibrant Financial Sector

CHAPTER 4: Establishing Effective Monetary Policy and a Vibrant Financial Sector »

Source: Tanzania : The Story of an African Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Roger Nord , Yuri Sobolev , David G. Dunn , Alejandro Hajdenberg , Niko Hobdari , Samar Maziad , and Stéphane Roudet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589068223

Keywords: foreign exchange, monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, banking

In the late 1980s Tanzania’s financial sector was among the least developed in Africa. There were no capital or money markets. The main financial instrument was government securities issued directly to the s...

Chapter I. Introduction

Chapter I. Introduction »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

This paper represents a collection of topics on monetary policy and its implementation, including liquidity management, discussed at two seminars, held jointly between the IMF Middl...

Chapter II. Monetary Regimes, Transmission Mechanisms, and Monetary Objectives in the MENA Region

Chapter II. Monetary Regimes, Transmission Mechanisms, and Monetary Objectives in the MENA Region »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

This section serves as a precursor to a focus on the monetary operational framework in later sections. Monetary regimes under specific exchange rate arrangements, the sophistication of the monetary system, r...

Chapter III. Monetary Policy Implementation: Purpose and Framework

Chapter III. Monetary Policy Implementation: Purpose and Framework »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

When monetary policy moves from the CB board room to the market place, it is transmitted via the CB’s balance sheet. Commercial banks and other participants in the financial markets will no doubt listen to t...