Browse

You are looking at 41 - 50 of 111 items :

  • Business and Economy x
  • Keywords: exchange x
Clear All
II Trends and Explanations

II Trends and Explanations »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

In general terms, dollarization is a response to economic instability and high inflation, and to the desire of domestic residents to diversify their asset portfolios. In conditions of hyperinflation, dollari...

III Development of the Financial Sector

III Development of the Financial Sector »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

This section describes the prereform financial system in the PCPEs and discusses the main reforms these countries have instituted to date in the banking sector. As a result of the reforms, the c...

III Effects of Current and Capital Account Convertibility

III Effects of Current and Capital Account Convertibility »

Source: Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene , and Peter Isard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752147

Keywords: Centrally planned economies, current account, exchange rate, current account convertibility, foreign exchange, capital account

Establishing convertibility for international transactions has a variety of implications for an economy. By exposing the economy to the pressures of foreign competition, current account convertibility, along...

III Experience with Pegged Rates

III Experience with Pegged Rates »

Source: Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

The trend toward greater exchange rate flexibility for developing and transition countries is a prominent theme in the recent evolution of the international monetary system. As detailed in Inter...

III Long-Term Costs of Losing Monetary Policy

III Long-Term Costs of Losing Monetary Policy »

Source: Adopting the Euro in Central Europe : Challenges of the Next Step in European Integration

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589063501

Keywords: Euro, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rates, foreign exchange

The principal economic costs of joining a currency union stem from the effects of giving up an independent monetary policy on the stability of growth and inflation. A long tradition of assessing these costs...

III Monetary Policy and Financial Sector Reform

III Monetary Policy and Financial Sector Reform »

Source: Poland : The Path to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Paul Mylonas , Inci Ötker , Liam Ebrill , Gerd Schwartz , and Ajai Chopra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754110

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, debt, payments, inflation

There are close linkages between financial sector reforms, the conduct of monetary policy, and macroeconomic and financial stabilization. Indeed, the success of the transformation programs in previously cent...

III Orderly Transitions

III Orderly Transitions »

Source: Moving to Greater Exchange Rate Flexibility : Operational Aspects Based on Lessons from Detailed Country Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066243

Keywords: Floating exchange rates, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, exchange rate flexibility

Chile (1984–99) 1 Chile’s transition to a free float was a very gradual, and mostly orderly, process that took about 15 years from the...

III Risks and Benefits of Dollarization

III Risks and Benefits of Dollarization »

Source: Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

In a fully liberalized and convertible financial system, savers would prefer to hold a portion of their portfolio in foreign-currency-denominated assets, simply in order to achieve a desired distribution of...

III The Desirable Degree of Exchange Rate Flexibility

III The Desirable Degree of Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Calvo , Eduardo Borensztein , Paul Masson , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1993

ISBN: 9781557752796

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, equity markets, banking system

Exchange rate flexibility and fixity are relative terms. Choices of exchange rate regime range from (1) commitment to a fixed rate, such as that implied by currency union or a currency board;...

III. The National Bank of Poland in 1990

III. The National Bank of Poland in 1990 »

Source: National Bank of Poland : The Road to Indirect Instruments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Piero Ugolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756022

Keywords: national bank, banking, foreign exchange, open market operations, central bank

The dramatic systemic reforms introduced in all sectors of the Polish economy in late 1989 aimed at building a market-oriented economy. However, as also recently shown by the breakdown of the former Soviet U...