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I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review—the Baltic countries, Russia, and the other countries of the Former Soviet Union—have, to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to...

II Inflation, Growth, and Financial Policies

II Inflation, Growth, and Financial Policies »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

Inflation The sustained and significant reduction in inflation observed in the first six years of transition constitutes one of the key achievements of the Baltics. Russia, and other...

II Monetary Operations and Government Securities Markets

II Monetary Operations and Government Securities Markets »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Recent Developments Under the umbrella of central bank laws enacted since 1992, most central banks of the Baltic countries, Russia, and the other countries of the former Soviet Union...

III Foreign Exchange Markets and Official International Reserve Management

III Foreign Exchange Markets and Official International Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Recent Developments As a group, the Baltics, Russia, and the other countries of the former Soviet Union have made significant progress in convertibility, foreign exchange market deve...

III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness

III The Current Account, Growth, and Competitiveness »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1992-97

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Luis Valdivieso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557757807

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, external debt

In 1997, for the first time in six years of transition, lull the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union recorded deficits in their external current accounts: eight of them with defic...

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Concludes 2003 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/144

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451833010

Keywords: exchange rate, external debt, structural reforms, current account, fiscal policy

This 2003 Article IV Consultation highlights that the macroeconomic developments in the Russian Federation remained generally strong, with a third consecutive year of considerable GDP growth, fiscal surplus, and la...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Kazakhstan

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Kazakhstan »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report for the Republic of Kazakhstan

Volume/Issue: 2015/241

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513575247

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Banking sector, Stress testing, Macroprudential Policy, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that against the backdrop of external shocks, economic growth and inflation in Kazakhstan have decelerated. Financial conditions have tightened, and external imbalances...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Kazakhstan

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Kazakhstan »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2008/288

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451821017

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign currency, external debt, current account, interest rate

The Republic of Kazakhstan's 2008 Article IV Consultation shows that banks have lost access to new external financing, credit extension has stalled, and growth has slowed. Nevertheless, Kazakhstan has considerable...

IMF Institute seminar: Measuring poverty: pitfalls, prescriptions, and policy implications

IMF Institute seminar: Measuring poverty: pitfalls, prescriptions, and policy implications »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia’s unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurab...

Kazakhstan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Kazakhstan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/67

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451820775.002

ISBN: 9781451820775

Keywords: banking, foreign exchange, debt, loans, restructuring

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Kazakhstan during 1993-97. During 1993-94, price liberalization was virtually completed, most of the restrictions on foreign trade were eliminated, and a...