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Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems

Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems »

Source: Growth Slowdown in Bureaucratic Economic Systems : An Issue Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2001/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , and Zuzana Brixiova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451842296

Keywords: Bureaucracy, planning, growth, growth rates, linear trend, statistics, economic growth, time series, One, Two

Bureaucratically organized systems tend to be less efficient than economies in which agents are free to choose their output targets, as well as the means to meet them. This paper presents a simple model of planner-...

Human Capital Convergence

Human Capital Convergence »

Source: Human Capital Convergence : International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2001/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Randa Sab , and Stephen Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451845112

Keywords: convergence, growth, enrollment rate, equation, primary enrollment, enrollment rates, primary education, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Health: Other,

In the growth literature, evidence on income convergence is mixed. In the development literature, health and education indicators are also often used. This study examines whether health and education levels are con...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Economic Stabilization and Growth in Portugal

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Hans Schmitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1981

ISBN: 9781557750617

Keywords: Economic growth, balance of payments, domestic credit, wages, credit expansion, domestic credit expansion

Following a decade of rapid growth with external equilibrium the Portuguese economy in the early 1970s suffered a series of major shocks. Even before the Revolution of April 1974 the increase in world petrol...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Almost five years after the 2000–01 economic crisis, the fortunes of the Turkish economy have been transformed. The economy has grown rapidly for three successive years, inflation h...

I. Overview

I. Overview »

Source: Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Ashoka Mody , Susan Schadler , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2007

ISBN: 9781589065543

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Economic growth, European Union, per capita income, growth rates, tfp, gdp growth, current account deficit

The paramount economic objective of the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) is to raise living standards to Western European levels. 1 After a half century of largely m...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Paolo Mauro , Andre Faria , Jonathan Ostry , Julian Di Giovanni , Martin Schindler , Ayhan Kose , and Marco Terrones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

ISBN: 9781589067486

Keywords: Economic growth, Financial management, Capital controls, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal stability, Risk management, financial globalization, financial integration, globalization, financial sector

Financial globalization—defined as the extent to which countries are linked through cross-border financial holdings, and proxied in this paper by the sum of countries' gross external assets and...

I. When Is Fiscal Adjustment Needed?

I. When Is Fiscal Adjustment Needed? »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment for Stability and Growth

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065130

Keywords: Economic growth, fiscal policy, fiscal adjustment, expenditure, public expenditure, aggregate demand

Governments are necessarily continuing concerns. They have to keep going in good times and in bad. They therefore need a wide margin of safety. If...

II Economic Background

II Economic Background »

Source: Economic Stabilization and Growth in Portugal

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Hans Schmitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1981

ISBN: 9781557750617

Keywords: Economic growth, balance of payments, domestic credit, wages, credit expansion, domestic credit expansion

Beginning in 1974 Portugal’s balance of payments, which had traditionally been in surplus, moved into substantial deficit. An external current account surplus equivalent to 3 per cent of gross domestic produ...

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000 »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

In the face of a global economic slowdown after 1980, countries that maintained or increased growth rates typically expanded trade and deepened their financial systems as well. Grow...

II. How Should the Fiscal Position Be Assessed?

II. How Should the Fiscal Position Be Assessed? »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment for Stability and Growth

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065130

Keywords: Economic growth, fiscal policy, fiscal adjustment, expenditure, public expenditure, aggregate demand

Without data, all you are is just another person with an opinion. —Anonymous...