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Grants Versus Loans

Grants Versus Loans »

Volume/Issue: 2004/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hulya Ulku , and Tito Cordella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857849.001

ISBN: 9781451857849

Keywords: Aid policies, concessionality, empirical growth models, statistics, outliers, samples, predictions, indebted countries, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Under what conditions should grants be preferred to loans? To answer this question, we present a simple model à la Krugman (1988) and show that, for any given level of developmental assistance, the optimal degree o...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth
			: Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382349.001

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

Openness, Human Development, and Fiscal Policies
			: Effectson Economic Growth and Speed of Adjustment

Openness, Human Development, and Fiscal Policies : Effectson Economic Growth and Speed of Adjustment »

Volume/Issue: 1993/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965780.001

ISBN: 9781451965780

Keywords: growth rate, equation, economic growth, growth rate of output, equations

The model developed here postulates that learning through experience plays a critical role in raising labor productivity over time, with three major consequences. First, the steady-state growth rate (of output) bec...

Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth
			: A Panel Data Approach

Testing the Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth : A Panel Data Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1992/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight , Delano Villanueva , and Norman Loayza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947052.001

ISBN: 9781451947052

Keywords: economic growth, per capita income, growth rate, real gdp, international trade

Several recent empirical studies have examined determinants of economic growth using country average (cross-section) data. In contrast, this paper employs a technique for using a panel of both cross-section and tim...

The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa

The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2005/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , Robert Powell , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861983.001

ISBN: 9781451861983

Keywords: Exchange Rate, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate appreciation, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper surveys the economic literature on the scaling-up of aid to Africa. It provides a checklist of issues that need to be considered when preparing a long term macroeconomic projection for a country involvin...

IMF Working Papers Policy Analasis and Assessment

IMF Working Papers Policy Analasis and Assessment »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 41 No. 1

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451957037

Keywords: growth rate, endogenous growth, growth model, economic growth, per capita income

This paper examines effects of economic growth and speed of adjustment on openness, human development, and fiscal policies. The model developed in this paper postulates that learning through experience raises labor...

The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2002/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845709.001

ISBN: 9781451845709

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Health, Government Expenditures, Economic Growth, Southern Africa, aids, hiv, mortality rates, health services, National Government Expenditures and Health

The paper provides an analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector, public education, the supply of labor and the returns to training in nine Southern African countries. Drawing on the preceding sections...

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa
			: Benchmarking the Constraints

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa : Benchmarking the Constraints »

Volume/Issue: 2007/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Jonathan Ostry , and Simon Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866162.001

ISBN: 9781451866162

Keywords: Sustained growth, constraints, benchmark, gdp growth, growth rates, trade policies, gdp per capita, Economic Development: General, Economic Development: Regional, Urban

A dozen countries had weak institutions in 1960 and yet sustained high rates of growth subsequently. We use data on their characteristics early in the growth process to create benchmarks with which to evaluate pote...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa

The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa »

Source: The Macroeconomic Challenges of Scaling Up Aid to Africa

Volume/Issue: 2005/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , Robert Powell , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451861983

Keywords: Exchange Rate, real exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rate appreciation, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Welfare and Poverty: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper surveys the economic literature on the scaling-up of aid to Africa. It provides a checklist of issues that need to be considered when preparing a long term macroeconomic projection for a country involvin...