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CHAPTER 5. International Integration

CHAPTER 5. International Integration »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Armenia’s high growth rates over the past three years have been fueled by fast-growing exports, donor inflows, remittances, and FDI. Strong export-led growth is rather surprising in a country that lacks natu...

CHAPTER 6. Summary

CHAPTER 6. Summary »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Despite geographical isolation, trade blockades, and occasional political upheaval, Armenia’s economic performance during the past four years has been remarkable. Growth has averaged nearly 12 percent and po...

CHAPTER 4. The Financial System and Growth

CHAPTER 4. The Financial System and Growth »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

It is generally accepted that the financial system plays a pivotal role in economic development by mobilizing funds for investment projects with the highest probability of success. In fact, a well-functionin...

Collection Lags and the Optimal Inflation Tax: A Reconsideration

Collection Lags and the Optimal Inflation Tax: A Reconsideration »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 41 No. 1

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451957037

Keywords: growth rate, endogenous growth, growth model, economic growth, per capita income

This paper examines effects of economic growth and speed of adjustment on openness, human development, and fiscal policies. The model developed in this paper postulates that learning through experience raises labor...

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth1

Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth1 »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and the Sources of Growth

Volume/Issue: 2012/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931179

Keywords: Growth, resource curse, volatility, gdp per capita, growth rate, tfp, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper studies the impact of the level and volatility of the commodity terms of trade on economic growth, as well as on the three main growth channels: total factor productivity, physical capital accumulation,...

Commodity Terms of Trade

Commodity Terms of Trade »

Source: Commodity Terms of Trade : The History of Booms and Busts

Volume/Issue: 2009/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873528

Keywords: commodity booms, commodity busts, commodity exporters, exporters, Trade: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

We compile a historical dataset covering nearly 40 years of booms and busts in the commodity terms of trade of over 150 countries. We discuss the characteristics of these events and their effects on macroeconomic p...

Competition and Firm Productivity

Competition and Firm Productivity »

Source: Competition and Firm Productivity : Evidence from Firm-Level Data

Volume/Issue: 2010/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Schiffbauer , and Sandra Ospina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982114

Keywords: regulation, entry costs, survey, correlation, instrumental variables, heteroscedasticity, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper presents empirical evidence on the impact of competition on firm productivity. Using firm-level observations from the World Bank Enterprise Survey database, we find a positive and robust causal relations...

Constraints on Trade in the MENA region

Constraints on Trade in the MENA region »

Source: Constraints on Trade in the MENA region

Volume/Issue: 2010/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hirut Wolde , and Rina Bhattacharya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451962604

Keywords: Gravity Model, Customs Regulations, survey, dummy variable, surveys, equation, trade volumes, Econometric And Statistical Methods: - General, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

In this paper we estimate gravity models to see whether trade volumes of countries in the MENA region are significantly lower than what would be expected given their economic, cultural and geographical characterist...

Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries

Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries »

Source: Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries : Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice?

Volume/Issue: 2004/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , Ratna Sahay , and Thomas Helbling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451851687

Keywords: growth, structural reforms, external debt, current account, deficits, debt burden, International Lending and Debt Problems, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova

Following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1992, several low-income countries in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) accumulated substantial external debt in a short time span, about half of which is owe...

Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth

Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth »

Source: Demographic Dynamics and the Empirics of Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1994/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

ISBN: 9781451926880

Keywords: economic growth, demographic effects, growth rates, baby boom, gdp per capita

This paper examines the effects of demographic dynamics on the measured rates of economic growth. First, it develops a model of production with labor productivity that varies with age. Second, it uses macroeconomic...