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Sao Tome and Principe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835007.002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance »

Volume/Issue: 1991/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845068.001

ISBN: 9781451845068

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, real exchange rate, exchange rate commitment

It is shown in a game theoretic framework that it may pay off to signal a “conservative” policy stance--giving a high priority to price stability--by appreciating the exchange rate. Such an appreciati...

Monetary Policy Under EMU
			: Differences in the Transmission Mechanism?

Monetary Policy Under EMU : Differences in the Transmission Mechanism? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Zenon Kontolemis , and Joaquim Levy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852615.001

ISBN: 9781451852615

Keywords: Transmission Mechanism, inflation, monetary transmission, central bank, monetary transmission mechanism, Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This study identifies differences in the monetary policy transmission mechanism across the countries in the euro area. It is argued that part of the differences in the response of economic activity to monetary poli...

Sovereign Risk, Fiscal Policy, and Macroeconomic Stability

Sovereign Risk, Fiscal Policy, and Macroeconomic Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2012/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Keith Kuester , Gernot Mueller , Giancarlo Corsetti , and Andre Meier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933180.001

ISBN: 9781463933180

Keywords: zero lower bound, government spending, spending cuts, central bank, inflation,

This paper analyzes the impact of strained government finances on macroeconomic stability and the transmission of fiscal policy. Using a variant of the model by Curdia and Woodford (2009), we study a "sovereign ris...

The Transmission Mechanism of European Monetary Policy
			: Is There Heterogeneity? Is it Changing over Time?

The Transmission Mechanism of European Monetary Policy : Is There Heterogeneity? Is it Changing over Time? »

Volume/Issue: 2002/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matteo Ciccarelli , and Alessandro Rebucci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847529.001

ISBN: 9781451847529

Keywords: Bayesian estimation, European monetary policy, Gibbs sampling, Heterogeneity, Transmission mechanism, inflation, central bank, monetary transmission, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Bayesian Analysis

This paper investigates the transmission mechanism of monetary policy in the four largest euro area countries by means Bayesian estimation of dynamic econometric models. Based on pre-EMU evidence from Germany, Fran...

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy
			: Survey of Models, Indicators, and Empirical Evidence

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy : Survey of Models, Indicators, and Empirical Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2006/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864878.001

ISBN: 9781451864878

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, price stability, inflation performance,

This paper presents a survey of the literature on the measurement of central bank autonomy. We distinguish inputs that constitute the building blocks in the literature, and the literature that builds on them. Issue...

IV. Formal Constraints in Practice

IV. Formal Constraints in Practice »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This section discusses how the recommendations described above should be modified to take account of the “imperfections” characterizing a number of economies. Although some of the situations discussed may be...

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government
			: Theory and Practice

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753588.084

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy

The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy »

Source: The Measurement of Central Bank Autonomy : Survey of Models, Indicators, and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2006/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Marco Arnone , and Jean-François Segalotto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864878

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, price stability, inflation performance,

This paper presents a survey of the literature on the measurement of central bank autonomy. We distinguish inputs that constitute the building blocks in the literature, and the literature that builds on them. Issue...