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II Analytical Tools for Policy Formulation and Program Design

II Analytical Tools for Policy Formulation and Program Design »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

An IMF-supported program is a package of policy measures which, combined with approved financing, is intended to achieve certain economic objectives. 3 In essence, therefore, a pr...

II Initial Conditions and the Setting of IMF-Supported Programs

II Initial Conditions and the Setting of IMF-Supported Programs »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

Introduction In the archetypical IMF-supported program, a member faces external financing difficulties and external and internal imbalances, requiring stabilization measures. Under a...

II. Monetary Policy and Financial Reform

II. Monetary Policy and Financial Reform »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment : Policy Instruments and Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557753038

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, money supply, external debt, exchange rate policy

1. Introduction Excessive growth in the money supply leads to high rates of spending on domestic or foreign goods. Given that domestic supply is essentially inflexible in the short r...

II The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime

II The Choice of Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

Given the primacy of external adjustment and macroeconomic stability in IMF-supported programs, a natural starting point is the exchange rate regime. In particular, a flexible exchange rate can allow for mor...

III External Viability

III External Viability »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

IMF resources are made available to member countries to correct balance of payments imbalances while easing the burden of adjustment (Box 2.3). An obvious starting point for judging program success is theref...

III. Fiscal Policy and Reform

III. Fiscal Policy and Reform »

Source: Macroeconomic Adjustment : Policy Instruments and Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557753038

Keywords: exchange rate, balance of payments, money supply, external debt, exchange rate policy

1. Introduction The effectiveness of fiscal policy is a major factor determining macroeconomic performance. In part this follows from the size of the public sector, with Central Gove...

III Monetary Policy

III Monetary Policy »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

Beyond the exchange rate (and, under flexible exchange rates, the monetary) regime, the authorities must also specify the monetary stance under their IMF-supported economic programs. This section therefore d...

III Performance of Analytical Frameworks and Program Design

III Performance of Analytical Frameworks and Program Design »

Source: The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

The preceding discussion outlined the processes and analytical tools that national authorities—and IMF country teams in advising them—use to formulate policies in IMF-supported programs. This section seeks t...

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization »

Source: The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 1999/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano , and Michael Mussa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451852745

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, quantitative approach, monetary fund, monetary policy, balance of payments, central bank, external financing

This paper explains the IMF approach to economic stabilization. It argues that a Fund-supported program is a process, comprising six broadly defined phases, that evolves along a multiplicity of potential pathways....

IMF Involvement in International Trade Policy Issues

IMF Involvement in International Trade Policy Issues »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068674.017

ISBN: 9781589068674

Keywords: trade liberalization, trade policy issues, trade policies, balance of payments, world trade

Trade policy occupies an unusual and at times problematic place in the work of the IMF. Though trade policies of IMF members have strong influences on macroeconomic stability, they are often seen as peripheral to t...