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Chapter 1 Macroeconomic Situation

Chapter 1 Macroeconomic Situation »

Source: Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks : Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353773

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, Commodity prices, External shocks, Economic recovery, Price increases, Low-income developing countries, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate

Most low-income countries (LICs) recovered quickly from the global crisis and have grown rapidly since early 2010. The spike in global commodity prices earlier this year led to a mo...

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The energy-rich CCA countries (ER-CCA; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) have achieved significant improvements in living standards with the development and use of their energy wealth since the break...

Chapter 4. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in the CCA: Progress, Challenges, and Policies for the Next Decade

Chapter 4. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy in the CCA: Progress, Challenges, and Policies for the Next Decade »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past twenty years, CCA countries have made significant progress in strengthening monetary and exchange rate policy frameworks and in securing better policy outcomes—lower inflation and interest rate...

Chapter 8. Policies to Strengthen CCA External Linkages

Chapter 8. Policies to Strengthen CCA External Linkages »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Enhanced economic and financial cooperation with the rest of world and within the CCA offers tremendous opportunities for economic diversification and structural transformation to ensure sustainable growth....

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30 »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Ambitious and decisive structural reforms are necessary for a better business environment and strong private-sector-led growth. Throughout their transition, CCA countries have advanced first generation refor...

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the last 20 years, and particularly during the decade that followed their independence, CCA countries put in place the first pillars of a modern financial system, allowing for substantial financial deep...

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past two decades growth in the CCA region has been strong, but volatile, uneven, and narrowly based. Success in raising income per capita has varied across countries and seems tied to natural resour...

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Under current policies, per capita GDP growth in CCA countries will fall short of that achieved in the past two decades. By pursuing ambitious reforms to support higher, more stable, sustainable, and inclusi...

Chapter 2 Vulnerability Analysis

Chapter 2 Vulnerability Analysis »

Source: Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks : Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353773

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, Commodity prices, External shocks, Economic recovery, Price increases, Low-income developing countries, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate

A. How Vulnerable Are LICs Currently? So far, the strong underlying growth dynamics during the recovery have reduced LICs’ near-term risk of a recession caused by a shock. With stron...

5. Conclusions and Next Steps

5. Conclusions and Next Steps »

Source: Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, CCA ERs and ER regimes have come under pressure. This has reflected the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in Russia and China, depreciation of the Russian ruble, and a...