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Chapter 5. Reform for Sustainable, Job-Creating, Private Sector–led Growth

Chapter 5. Reform for Sustainable, Job-Creating, Private Sector–led Growth »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The ACTs have contended for years with structural economic challenges. Many have moved over time from state-led economies to systems relying more on private sector–led growth. Nonetheless, competition in dom...

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30

Chapter 9. Structural Reforms and Political Economy30 »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Ambitious and decisive structural reforms are necessary for a better business environment and strong private-sector-led growth. Throughout their transition, CCA countries have advanced first generation refor...

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive

Chapter 2. Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa: Widespread and Expensive »

Source: Subsidy Reform in the Middle East and North Africa : Recent Progress and Challenges Ahead

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Carlo Sdralevich , Randa Sab , Younes Zouhar , and Giorgia Albertin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498350433

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Middle East, North Africa, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Political economy, Subsidies, prices, food subsidies

The Cost and Role of Subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa Countries Subsidies are common in many developing and emerging countries; they are particularly pervasive in the Mi...

Chapter 2. Tackling Fiscal Challenges

Chapter 2. Tackling Fiscal Challenges »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The ACTs faced significant medium-term fiscal challenges even before the onset of their transitions. In many cases, fiscal deficits and debt were higher than in other emerging market and developing countries...

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector

Chapter 5. The CCA Financial Sector »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the last 20 years, and particularly during the decade that followed their independence, CCA countries put in place the first pillars of a modern financial system, allowing for substantial financial deep...

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience

Chapter 2. The CCA Growth Experience »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Over the past two decades growth in the CCA region has been strong, but volatile, uneven, and narrowly based. Success in raising income per capita has varied across countries and seems tied to natural resour...

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It

Chapter 3. The Vision for the CCA and How to Realize It »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

Under current policies, per capita GDP growth in CCA countries will fall short of that achieved in the past two decades. By pursuing ambitious reforms to support higher, more stable, sustainable, and inclusi...

Chapter V. Maturity of Central Bank Securities

Chapter V. Maturity of Central Bank Securities »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

A. Objectives of Issuing Central Bank Securities CB securities are one of the monetary policy instruments used primarily to absorb liquidity in the banking system, when there is a st...

Chapter VI. Collateral: Range, Opportunity Cost, Liquidity, and Pricing of Liquidity Risk

Chapter VI. Collateral: Range, Opportunity Cost, Liquidity, and Pricing of Liquidity Risk »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Most CBs are nowadays required to take collateral when granting credit to banks. In this respect, this section examines the state of play at CBs in the MENA region as well as the operational implications of...

Chapter VII. Basel III Rules and Monetary Policy Implementation

Chapter VII. Basel III Rules and Monetary Policy Implementation »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) 69 issued on December 16, 2010 the “Basel III rules text and results of the quantitative impact study issued by the Basel Committ...