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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies »

Source: Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Volume/Issue: 1998/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Hugo Rodríguez , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451979664

Keywords: government subsidies, government expenditures, subsidies, expenditures, expenditure, subsidy, government expenditure

The paper studies the economic determinants of government subsidies using panel data for 40 countries over 18 years (from 1975 to 1992) and finds that individual country-specific factors play a sizeable role in det...

Expenditure Composition and Distortionary Tax for Equitable Economic Growth

Expenditure Composition and Distortionary Tax for Equitable Economic Growth »

Source: Expenditure Composition and Distortionary Tax for Equitable Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2006/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hyun Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451864250

Keywords: allocative and redistributive policy, endogeneity, government spending, expenditure, tax rates, government expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper continues the study of optimal fiscal policy in a growing economy by exploring a case in which the government simultaneously provides three main categories of expenditures with distortionary tax finance:...

The Fiscal Smile

The Fiscal Smile »

Source: The Fiscal Smile : The Effectiveness and Limits of Fiscal Stabilizers

Volume/Issue: 2003/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maria Silgoner , Jesús Crespo-Cuaresma , and Gerhard Reitschuler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

ISBN: 9781451859287

Keywords: Fiscal Stabilizers, Business Cycle Volatility, government expenditure, expenditure, expenditures,

We study the smoothing impact of fiscal stabilizers (proxied by government expenditures or revenues) on business cycle volatility for a panel of EU countries in the period 1970-99. The results show that the busines...

Luxembourg
			: Selected Issues

Luxembourg : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/131

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314589.002

ISBN: 9781498314589

Keywords: Social security, Pension reforms, Government expenditures, Labor taxes, Real wages, contribution rate, pension system, pension reform, euro area average, retirement age

Selected Issues...

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies

Economic Determinants of Government Subsidies »

Volume/Issue: 1998/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Hugo Rodríguez , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979664.001

ISBN: 9781451979664

Keywords: government subsidies, government expenditures, subsidies, expenditures, expenditure, subsidy, government expenditure

The paper studies the economic determinants of government subsidies using panel data for 40 countries over 18 years (from 1975 to 1992) and finds that individual country-specific factors play a sizeable role in det...

Expenditure Composition and Distortionary Tax for Equitable Economic Growth

Expenditure Composition and Distortionary Tax for Equitable Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2006/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hyun Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864250.001

ISBN: 9781451864250

Keywords: allocative and redistributive policy, endogeneity, government spending, expenditure, tax rates, government expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper continues the study of optimal fiscal policy in a growing economy by exploring a case in which the government simultaneously provides three main categories of expenditures with distortionary tax finance:...

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency

Income Inequality, Fiscal Decentralization and Transfer Dependency »

Volume/Issue: 2014/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Caroline-Antonia Goerl , and Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354711.001

ISBN: 9781484354711

Keywords: transfer dependency, COFOG, decentralization, fiscal federalism, federalism, government expenditure, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Intergovernmental Relations,

Within the context of reigniting post crisis macroeconomic growth, income inequality has emerged as a topic of significant interest for both academics and policymakers (Bastagli, Coady, and Gupta, 2012) This study...

The Fiscal Smile
			: The Effectiveness and Limits of Fiscal Stabilizers

The Fiscal Smile : The Effectiveness and Limits of Fiscal Stabilizers »

Volume/Issue: 2003/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maria Silgoner , Jesús Crespo-Cuaresma , and Gerhard Reitschuler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859287.001

ISBN: 9781451859287

Keywords: Fiscal Stabilizers, Business Cycle Volatility, government expenditure, expenditure, expenditures,

We study the smoothing impact of fiscal stabilizers (proxied by government expenditures or revenues) on business cycle volatility for a panel of EU countries in the period 1970-99. The results show that the busines...

Statistical Treatment of 'Build-Own-Operate-Transfer+L2306 Schemes

Statistical Treatment of 'Build-Own-Operate-Transfer+L2306 Schemes »

Volume/Issue: 2002/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brian Donaghue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858198.001

ISBN: 9781451858198

Keywords: build-own-operate-transfer, BOOT, financial assets, national accounts, derivative, government revenue, capital expenditure, Structure And Scope Of Government, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies, National Budget

The paper argues that assets produced under build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) schemes-under which public infrastructure assets are legally owned and operated for a defined period by the private corporation that con...