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Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Source: Macro-Structural Policies and Income Inequality in Low-Income Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Davide Furceri , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Bin Grace Li , Sandra Lizarazo Ruiz , Marina Mendes Tavares , Futoshi Narita , and Adrian Peralta-Alva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475566222

Keywords: Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Agricultural sector, Low-income developing countries, Resource mobilization, Social indicators, Financial sector reform

Despite sustained economic growth and rapid poverty reductions, income inequality remains stubbornly high in many low-income developing countries. This pattern is a concern as high levels of inequality can impair t...

Monetary Policy in the New Normal

Monetary Policy in the New Normal »

Source: Monetary Policy in the New Normal

Volume/Issue: 2014/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Karl Habermeier , Tommaso Mancini Griffoli , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2014

ISBN: 9781475561784

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Central bank autonomy, Central bank independence, Central banks, Financial stability, Monetary policy, Macroprudential Policy, inflation, central bank, monetary fund

The proposed SDN would take stock of the current debate on the shape that monetary policy should take after the crisis. It revisits the pros and cons of expanding the objectives of monetary policy, the merits of tu...

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union

Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union »

Source: Reforming Fiscal Governance in the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Michal Andrle , John Bluedorn , Luc Eyraud , Tidiane Kinda , Petya Koeva Brooks , Gerd Schwartz , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498338288

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Euro Area, European Economic and Monetary Union, Fiscal rules, Fiscal policy, Fiscal Governance, European Economic, Monetary Union, debt, expenditure

Successive reforms have brought many positive elements to the European Union's fiscal framework. But they have also increased its complexity. The current system involves an intricate set of fiscal constraints, whic...

The Refugee Surge in Europe

The Refugee Surge in Europe »

Source: The Refugee Surge in Europe : Economic Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2016/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Bergljot Barkbu , Nicoletta Batini , Helge Berger , Enrica Detragiache , Allan Dizioli , Christian Ebeke , Huidan Lin , Linda Kaltani , Sebastian Sosa , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513552590

Keywords: Migrations, Euro Area, Migrant labor, Labor supply, Labor markets, Emigration and immigration, Demographic transition, Population growth, Migration, Refugees

Against the background of political turmoil in the Middle-East, Europe faces an unprecedented surge in asylum applications. In analyzing the economic impact of this inflow, this paper draws from the experience of...

Rethinking Financial Deepening

Rethinking Financial Deepening »

Source: Reconsiderando la profundización financiera : Estabilidad y crecimiento en los mercados emergentes

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: Revista de Economia Institucional

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498302043

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Malaysia, Markets, Middle East, Morocco, Chile, Asia and Pacific, Financial stability, Economic growth, Emerging markets

La crisis financiera mundial puso de relieve los peligros de los sistemas financieros que han crecido demasiado con demasiada rapidez. En este documento se reexamina la profundización financiera, centrándose el aná...

Rethinking Financial Deepening

Rethinking Financial Deepening »

Source: Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498312615

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Rethinking Financial Deepening: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Source: Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781513533308

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Rethinking Macro Policy II

Rethinking Macro Policy II »

Source: Rethinking Macro Policy II : Getting Granular

Volume/Issue: 2013/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2013

ISBN: 9781484363478

Keywords: Financial stability, Fiscal consolidation, Central banks and their policies, Central banks, Capital flows, Public debt, Stabilization measures, Fiscal policy, Inflation targeting, Monetary policy

This note explores how the economic thinking about macroeconomic management has evolved since the crisis began. It discusses developments in monetary policy, including unconventional measures; the challenges associ...

Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe

Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe »

Source: Revitalizing Securitization for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2015/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Ali Al-Eyd , Bergljot Barkbu , and Andreas Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498397643

Keywords: Financial intermediation, Structured finance, macro-financial linkages, SME finance, market, finance, markets, investment, debt, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for a disproportionate share of output and employment in Europe but are still highly dependent on bank finance, which dried up or became prohibitively expensive dur...

A Strategy for Resolving Europe’s Problem Loans

A Strategy for Resolving Europe’s Problem Loans »

Source: A Strategy for Resolving Europe's Problem Loans

Volume/Issue: 2015/19

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Wolfgang Bergthaler , Jose Garrido , Anna Ilyina , Andreas Jobst , Kenneth Kang , Dmitriy Kovtun , Yan Liu , Dermot Monaghan , and Marina Moretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513591278

Keywords: Bank resolution, Banks, Debt restructuring, Europe, Non-performing loans, Corporate debt, Nonperforming loans, NPL resolution, credit growth, debt

Europe's banking system is weighed down by high levels of non-performing loans (NPLs), which are holding down credit growth and economic activity. This discussion note uses a new survey of European country authorit...