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A Strategy for Resolving Europe's Problem Loans

A Strategy for Resolving Europe's Problem Loans »

Volume/Issue: 2015/19

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Wolfgang Bergthaler , Jose Garrido , Anna Ilyina , Andreas Jobst , Kenneth Kang , Dmitriy Kovtun , Yan Liu , Dermot Monaghan , and Marina Moretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591278.006

ISBN: 9781513591278

Keywords: Bank resolution, Banks, Debt restructuring, Europe, Non-performing loans, Corporate debt, Nonperforming loans, NPL resolution, credit growth, debt

Europe's banking system is weighed down by high levels of non-performing loans (NPLs), which are holding down credit growth and economic activity. This discussion note uses a new survey of European country authorit...

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries
			: Progress, Challenges, and Policies

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries : Progress, Challenges, and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , Shengzu Wang , Joong Kang , Jay Shambaugh , Jörg Decressin , and Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498373814.006

ISBN: 9781498373814

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Euro Area, Current account deficits, Crisis, Current account, Rebalancing, Competitiveness, External stability, Labor market

Imbalances within the euro area have been a defining feature of the crisis. This paper provides a critical analysis of the ongoing rebalancing of euro area 'deficit economies' (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain)...

Bank Size and Systemic Risk

Bank Size and Systemic Risk »

Volume/Issue: 2014/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luc Laeven , Lev Ratnovski , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484363720.006

ISBN: 9781484363720

Keywords: Financial Structure, Financial Regulation, banking, bank size, bank risk, banks with assets, bank activities, General,

The proposed SDN documents the evolution of bank size and activities over the past 20 years. It discusses whether this evolution can be explained by economies of scale or 'too big to fail' subsidies. The paper then...

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital »

Volume/Issue: 2016/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jihad Dagher , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Luc Laeven , Lev Ratnovski , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387712.006

ISBN: 9781498387712

Keywords: Bank capital, Cost of capital, United States, Banking crisis, Capital requirements, Risk management, General equilibrium models, Bank Capital, TLAC, Financial Regulation

The appropriate level of bank capital and, more generally, a bank's capacity to absorb losses, has been at the core of the post-crisis policy debate. This paper contributes to the debate by focusing on how much cap...

Big Data
			: Potential, Challenges and Statistical Implications

Big Data : Potential, Challenges and Statistical Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2017/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Cornelia Hammer , Diane Kostroch , and Gabriel Quiros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310908.006

ISBN: 9781484310908

Keywords: Surveillance, Big Data, Macroeconomic and Financial Statistics, Official Statistics, Data Quality, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Introductory Material

Big data are part of a paradigm shift that is significantly transforming statistical agencies, processes, and data analysis. While administrative and satellite data are already well established, the statistical com...

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316139.006

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...

Economic Diversification in LICs
			: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532180.006

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Emerging Market Volatility
			: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318204.006

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552255.006

ISBN: 9781513552255

Keywords: Resource Revenues, Excise, Value-Added Tax, Equity, tax, taxes, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa

Fair Taxation in the Middle East and North Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2015/16

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Mario Mansour , Pritha Mitra , Carlo Sdralevich , and Andrew Jewell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563565.006

ISBN: 9781513563565

Keywords: Egypt, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Algeria, Income tax, Hydrocarbons, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon

Fairness - and what governments can do about it - is at the forefront of economic and social debate all over the world. In MENA, this has been at the core of recent political transitions but has not been adequately...