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Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis
			: Challenges and Policy Options

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462339440.004

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...

Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis

Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/18

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis , Francis Vitek , Mwanza Nkusu , Reginald Darius , Alun Thomas , and Edouard Vidon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462357604.004

ISBN: 9781462357604

Keywords: Economic recession, Employment, External shocks, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Labor market policy, Labor markets, Korea, Republic of, Mexico, New Zealand

The human cost of the recent global crisis is reflected in its impact on the labor market. Explaining why economies with similar downturns had very different employment trends can help design policies to reduce suc...

Transition to Accrual Accounting

Transition to Accrual Accounting »

Volume: 09

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Abdul Khan , and Stephen Mayes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462371730.005

ISBN: 9781462371730

Keywords: Government accounting, goverment accounting, accural accounting, cash accounting, GFSM 2001, goverment financial reporting, IPSASB, accounting standards, budget classification, chart of accounts

This technical note and manual addresses the following main questions: 1. What is accrual accounting? 2. What are the reasons for moving from cash to accrual accounting? 3. What are the differences between accrual...

A European Mandate for Financial Sector Supervisors in the EU

A European Mandate for Financial Sector Supervisors in the EU »

Volume/Issue: 2009/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871524.001

ISBN: 9781451871524

Keywords: Cross-border cooperation, EU, financial sector supervision, financial sector, financial institutions, financial system, deposit insurance,

The EU is deliberating the introduction of an explicit "European mandate" for financial sector supervisors to supplement national mandates. Suggestions are made on (i) the formulation of a European mandate; (ii) th...

A New Approach to Taxing Financial Intermediation Services Under a Value Added Tax

A New Approach to Taxing Financial Intermediation Services Under a Value Added Tax »

Volume/Issue: 2004/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854206.001

ISBN: 9781451854206

Keywords: VAT, financial intermediation, financial sector, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

This paper contains a proposal (referred to as the "modified reverse-charging" approach) to tax financial intermediation services under a VAT. At the heart of the proposal is the application of a reverse charge tha...

Accountability and Transparency in the Public Sector
			: The New Zealand Experience

Accountability and Transparency in the Public Sector : The New Zealand Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1996/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Cangiano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854442.001

ISBN: 9781451854442

Keywords: public finance, accrual accounting, fiscal policy, fiscal responsibility, financial management

This paper describes the reforms introduced in the New Zealand public sector since the mid-1980s. The reforms included corporatization and privatization of most state-owned enterprises, the shift from a cash-basis...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860818.001

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

Central Bank Governance
			: A Survey of Boards and Management

Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management »

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875416.001

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Cross-Country Experience in Reducing Net Foreign Liabilities
			: Lessons for New Zealand

Cross-Country Experience in Reducing Net Foreign Liabilities : Lessons for New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2014/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Werner Schule , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475516388.001

ISBN: 9781475516388

Keywords: Net foreign liabilities, Current account balance, Public savings, foreign liabilities, foreign assets, international investment, financial integration, external indebtedness, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies the dynamics of net foreign liabilities across a number of countries. Our historical analysis suggests that an orderly reduction in a country's net foreign liabilities has mostly occurred when th...

Establishing Initial Conditions in Support of Inflation Targeting

Establishing Initial Conditions in Support of Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2002/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Zelmer , Andrea Schaechter , Mark Stone , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852622.001

ISBN: 9781451852622

Keywords: monetary policy framework, central bank, inflation, inflation-targeting, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper provides some practical advice on establishing initial conditions in support of an inflation-targeting monetary framework. These conditions are divided into four areas: a mandate in support of an inflati...