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Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology

Appendix 1: Data Sources and Methodology »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The source for real GDP and investment data for Iran is the latest Central Bank of Iran database; for the rest of the countries, the source is the International Financial Statistics database. The source for...

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Productivity Growth in Iran and its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 (Average annual percentage change, unless otherwise indicated)...

Appendix 4: Subsidies

Appendix 4: Subsidies »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Explicit subsidies include budgetary subsidies to households for essential commodities, such as wheat, rice, oil, sugar, milk, and cheese; imports of medical equipment and pharmaceuticals; fertilizers; and s...

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund

Appendix 3: The Oil Stabilization Fund »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

The Oil Stabilization Fund (OSF) was established in December 2000 with the objective of insulating the budget from fluctuations in oil prices. The fund was established as a foreign currency account at the ce...

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level

Chapter 4: Approaches to Assessing the Exchange Rate Level »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Following a long period of multiple and unstable exchange rates in Iran, the exchange rate was successfully unified in March 2002. Since then, Iran has adopted a managed float exchange rate regime and elimin...

CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform

CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter contains an assessment of Armenia’s transition from a state-dominated economy to a market-oriented one during the past 10 years. It begins with a brief discussion of the economic background and...

Chapter3. Assessing the Reform of the Caja Fiscal

Chapter3. Assessing the Reform of the Caja Fiscal »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Background Paraguay's existing pension system is fragmented into eight independent public institutions. Few workers—less than 10 percent of the active labor force—participate in a...

Chapter 1: Economic Growth

Chapter 1: Economic Growth »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Iran faces the challenge of increasing its growth rate to reduce unemployment and improve the living standards of its population over the medium term. Growth performance in recent years (6 percent during 200...

Chapter4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Paraguay

Chapter4. Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate in Paraguay »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Background In recent years, Paraguay's real exchange rate has exhibited large fluctuations. From end-2000 through end-2002, a period characterized by subsequent banking crises and...

Chapter2. Financial Crises and Behavior of Private Sector Credit in Paraguay

Chapter2. Financial Crises and Behavior of Private Sector Credit in Paraguay »

Source: Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

A. Introduction A series of financial crises have afflicted Paraguay since the financial liberalization in the 1990s and have contributed to the fall in private sector credit. Paragu...