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2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market »

Source: Economic Policies and Unemployment Dynamics in Europe

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 1997

ISBN: 9781557755780

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, wage, bargaining

Unemployment IN (WEST) Germany remains low compared with that in other European countries. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, it has risen considerably since the 1970s, because employment growth has failed to keep...

After recovery takes hold: Implications of aging population will pose crucial policy issues for Japanese authorities Japan has option in addressing large deficit

After recovery takes hold: Implications of aging population will pose crucial policy issues for Japanese authorities Japan has option in addressing large deficit »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 20

Volume/Issue: 29/20

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451926651

Keywords: aging, pension, aging population, elderly, social security

In conjunction with its annual Article IV consultation with Japan, IMF staff prepared a background paper (Japan-Selected Issues) on a number of key topics. Two chapters of that paper dealt with the macroeconomic an...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025 »

Source: Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries : 1980-2025

Volume/Issue: 1989/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451924657

Keywords: elderly, private savings, pensions, dependency, pension

In the next 30-40 years, past changes in fertility and mortality will lead to a significant increase in the share of the elderly. This study suggests that these demographic trends may lead to a decline in the G-7 p...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Algeria

Algeria »

Source: Algeria : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/22

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463934460

Keywords: employment, unemployment rate, youth unemployment, unemployment rates

This paper analyzes Algeria's unemployment and labor market developments and assesses the factors that may hamper employment creation. It estimates employment-to-GDP elasticity for Algeria's main sectors and differ...

Algeria: Selected Issues Paper

Algeria: Selected Issues Paper »

Source: Algeria : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/22

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463934460

Keywords: employment, unemployment rate, youth unemployment, unemployment rates

This paper analyzes Algeria's unemployment and labor market developments and assesses the factors that may hamper employment creation. It estimates employment-to-GDP elasticity for Algeria's main sectors and differ...

Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries

Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries »

Source: Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 1993/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Jean-Luc Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1993

ISBN: 9781451842470

Keywords: pensions, pension, contribution rates, contribution rate

In the USSR in 1990, social security reforms led to the imposition of a uniform system of benefits in a large and demographically diverse country. This required inter-regional transfers, which are now no longer fea...

Annual Meetings seminar program: Development, monetary and financial issues are focus of wide-ranging discussions

Annual Meetings seminar program: Development, monetary and financial issues are focus of wide-ranging discussions »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 20

Volume/Issue: 29/20

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451926651

Keywords: aging, pension, aging population, elderly, social security

In conjunction with its annual Article IV consultation with Japan, IMF staff prepared a background paper (Japan-Selected Issues) on a number of key topics. Two chapters of that paper dealt with the macroeconomic an...

Arab Spring: Closing the Jobs Gap: High youth unemployment contributes to widespread unrest in the Middle East

Arab Spring: Closing the Jobs Gap: High youth unemployment contributes to widespread unrest in the Middle East »

Source: Finance & Development, June 2011

Volume/Issue: 48/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2011

ISBN: 9781451953589

Keywords: aging, international monetary fund, unemployment, emerging markets

'Wising Up to the Costs of Aging' looks at how falling fertility and rising life expectancy have combined to threaten the ability of many countries to provide a decent standard of living for the old without imposin...