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CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform

CHAPTER 1. Armenia After a Decade of Reform »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter contains an assessment of Armenia’s transition from a state-dominated economy to a market-oriented one during the past 10 years. It begins with a brief discussion of the economic background and...

CHAPTER 7. Financial System and Institutions

CHAPTER 7. Financial System and Institutions »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Mauritius has one of the more sophisticated financial systems in Africa, a system that is soundly capitalized and profitable. Assets of the banking system represent about 100 percent of GDP. While the financ...

CHAPTER 3. Fiscal Adjustment

CHAPTER 3. Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Fiscal consolidation has been the cornerstone of Armenia’s successful stabilization. Between 1995 and 2000, the fiscal adjustment was primarily an expenditure-based phenomenon, and the quasi-fiscal sectors (...

CHAPTER 6. Fiscal Developments

CHAPTER 6. Fiscal Developments »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Over the past 25 years, Mauritius’s public finances have experienced three distinct phases: large fiscal deficits in the early 1980s, followed by a period of fiscal consolidation and discipline during the la...

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction

CHAPTER 2. Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

This chapter reviews Armenia’s growth performance and poverty indicators since the early 1990s. It seeks to respond to the following four questions: What were the sources of growth? Can the recent rapid grow...

Chapter 2. Here Be Spillovers: An Illustration Using GIMF Simulations

Chapter 2. Here Be Spillovers: An Illustration Using GIMF Simulations »

Source: The Mystery of Missing Real Spillovers in Southern Africa : Some Facts and Possible Explanations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , Andrew Jonelis , Borislava Mircheva , and Slavi Slavov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2014

ISBN: 9781484363447

Keywords: Demand, External shocks, Regional integration, Southern Africa, South Africa, Spillovers, Trade integration, growth rate, gdp per capita, real gdp

This section uses the IMF’s GIMF model to illustrate more formally how the channels described in the previous section would generate significant spillovers. GIMF is suitable to anal...

Chapter 1. Here Be Spillovers: Overview of Institutional Arrangements and Stylized Facts

Chapter 1. Here Be Spillovers: Overview of Institutional Arrangements and Stylized Facts »

Source: The Mystery of Missing Real Spillovers in Southern Africa : Some Facts and Possible Explanations

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , Andrew Jonelis , Borislava Mircheva , and Slavi Slavov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2014

ISBN: 9781484363447

Keywords: Demand, External shocks, Regional integration, Southern Africa, South Africa, Spillovers, Trade integration, growth rate, gdp per capita, real gdp

Multiple linkages exist between South Africa’s economy and those of its neighbors. Starting with institutional ties, South Africa, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland form the Common Mo...

CHAPTER 5. International Integration

CHAPTER 5. International Integration »

Source: Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia : Achievements and Challenges

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Enrique Gelbard , James McHugh , Laure Redifer , and Garbis Iradian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 November 2005

ISBN: 9781589064515

Keywords: Economic growth, Poverty reduction, banking, banking system, tfp, tax revenues, tax administration

Armenia’s high growth rates over the past three years have been fueled by fast-growing exports, donor inflows, remittances, and FDI. Strong export-led growth is rather surprising in a country that lacks natu...

CHAPTER 5. Labor Market and Educational System

CHAPTER 5. Labor Market and Educational System »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Despite strong economic growth, averaging just below 6 percent per year over the last two decades, a “U”-curve phenomenon of Mauritian unemployment can be observed (Figure 5.1). The unemployment rate plunged...

CHAPTER 9. Medium-Term Challenges and Concluding Remarks

CHAPTER 9. Medium-Term Challenges and Concluding Remarks »

Source: Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

The Factors Behind Sustained Growth The discussion in the previous chapters leads to some key conclusions. First, the Mauritian growth performance since the 1970s has been exceptiona...