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Aging

Aging »

Source: Aging : Some Pleasant Fiscal Arithmetic

Volume/Issue: 2005/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860900

Keywords: OECD countries, public expenditure, expenditure, expenditure growth, total expenditure, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies,

Projections of age-related public expenditure growth have raised widespread concerns about fiscal sustainability. This paper examines how total expenditure would develop under four policy rules on public expenditur...

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream »

Source: Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream : Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series

Volume/Issue: 2011/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Weber , and Michaela Denk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455270507

Keywords: Missing or incomplete data, imputation quality, statistical matching, time series, missing data, algorithms, statistical methods, cluster analysis, Estimation, Model Evaluation and Selection

International organizations collect data from national authorities to create multivariate cross-sectional time series for their analyses. As data from countries with not yet well-established statistical systems may...

Bankers Without Borders? Implications of Ring-Fencing for European Cross-Border Banks1

Bankers Without Borders? Implications of Ring-Fencing for European Cross-Border Banks1 »

Source: Bankers Without Borders? Implications of Ring-Fencing for European Cross-Border Banks

Volume/Issue: 2010/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuliya Makarova , Anna Ilyina , Christian Schmieder , and Eugenio Cerutti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209477

Keywords: ring-fencing, subsidiaries, banking, capital needs, capital adequacy, banking system, International Lending and Debt Problems, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper presents a stylized analysis of the effects of ring-fencing (i.e., different restrictions on cross-border transfers of excess profits and/or capital between a parent bank and its subsidiaries located in...

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations »

Source: Complex Ownership Structures and Corporate Valuations

Volume/Issue: 2007/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Ross Levine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867046

Keywords: Large shareholders, Blockholders, shareholder, shareholders, corporate valuations, dummy variable,

The bulk of corporate governance theory examines the agency problems that arise from two extreme ownership structures: 100 percent small shareholders or one large, controlling owner combined with small shareholders...

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies »

Source: Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2009/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zvi Wiener , and Dan Galai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872576

Keywords: credit spread, currency mismatch, Merton&;amp;#x2019;s model, correlation, bond, present value, probability,

The paper shows how-in a Merton-type model with bankruptcy-the currency composition of debt changes the risk profile of a company raising a given amount of financing, and thus affects the cost of debt. Foreign curr...

Cross-Country Experience in Reducing Net Foreign Liabilities

Cross-Country Experience in Reducing Net Foreign Liabilities »

Source: Cross-Country Experience in Reducing Net Foreign Liabilities : Lessons for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2014/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Werner Schule , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

ISBN: 9781475516388

Keywords: Net foreign liabilities, Current account balance, Public savings, foreign liabilities, foreign assets, international investment, financial integration, external indebtedness, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper studies the dynamics of net foreign liabilities across a number of countries. Our historical analysis suggests that an orderly reduction in a country's net foreign liabilities has mostly occurred when th...

The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire »

Source: The Dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire : Lessons for Currency Reform

Volume/Issue: 1992/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Spencer , and Peter Garber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

ISBN: 9781451848731

Keywords: national bank, banknotes, banking, central bank

This paper investigates the currency reforms undertaken subsequent to the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918. The reforms were motivated by the lack of coordination of monetary policy and the absenc...

Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks

Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks »

Source: Estimating Spillover Risk Among Large EU Banks

Volume/Issue: 2007/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Ong , and Martin Cihak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868302

Keywords: contagion, large banks, banking, stock market, bond, government bond,

The paper examines the scope for cross-border spillovers among major EU banks using information contained in the stock prices and financial statements of these banks. The results suggest that spillovers within dome...

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis1

Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis1 »

Source: Euro Area Sovereign Risk During the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2009/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Edda Zoli , and Silvia Sgherri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873696

Keywords: Sovereign Spreads, Global Risk Repricing, bond, sovereign bond, bonds,

While the use of public resources is critical to cushion the impact of the financial crisis on the euro-area economy, it is key that the entailed fiscal costs not be seen by markets as undermining fiscal sustainabi...

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance »

Source: Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Volume/Issue: 1991/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451845068

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, real exchange rate, exchange rate commitment

It is shown in a game theoretic framework that it may pay off to signal a “conservative” policy stance--giving a high priority to price stability--by appreciating the exchange rate. Such an appreciati...