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Source: Unproductive Public Expenditures : A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2005

ISBN: 9781557755414

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, public expenditures, expenditure productivity

INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND PAMPHLET SERIES (All pamphlets have been published in English, French, and Spanish, unless otherwise stated) 38. Fund Conditional...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Appendix I: International Bank Lending in 1981

Appendix I: International Bank Lending in 1981 »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1982

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1982

ISBN: 9781557750716

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, capital markets, international capital

After expanding strongly for several years, international bank lending leveled off in 1981. New lending to both industrial and developing country borrowers last year was only marginally above the levels reco...

Appendix II: Developments in International Bond Markets

Appendix II: Developments in International Bond Markets »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1982

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1982

ISBN: 9781557750716

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, capital markets, international capital

Introduction Private international capital flows have played an increasingly important role in the financing of payments imbalances and government deficits, the international realloc...

Appendix III: Statistical Tables

Appendix III: Statistical Tables »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1982

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1982

ISBN: 9781557750716

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, capital markets, international capital

Table 28. Capital-Asset Ratios of Banks in Major Capital Market Countries, 1977–81 1 (In per cent)...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

Auctions

Auctions »

Source: Auctions : Theory and Possible Applications to Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1993/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rajnish Mehra , and Robert Feldman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1993

ISBN: 9781451842838

Keywords: bidder, government securities, winning bidder, competitive bidding, winning bid

A major effort is taking place in many parts of the world to establish market-oriented institutions, a development that is particularly evident in the context of the transforming economies in Eastern Europe and the...

Auctions

Auctions »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 40 No. 3

Volume: 40

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451973259

Keywords: bidders, bidder, securities, bids, foreign exchange

This paper assesses alternative auction techniques for pricing and allocating various financial instruments, such as government securities, central bank refinance credit, and foreign exchange. Before recommending a...

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards »

Source: Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards : Evidence From the Depository Receipt Market

Volume/Issue: 2001/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdourahmane Sarr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451850208

Keywords: Standards implementation, foreign equity investment, standards, equity capital, capital markets, access to international capital markets, Foreign Equity Capital,

The paper finds that costs of implementing stringent securities listing standards may exceed benefits. Depository receipts, a growing source of international equity financing, differ in types by the reporting and d...

Capital and Trade as Engines of Growth in France

Capital and Trade as Engines of Growth in France »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 40 No. 3

Volume: 40

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451973259

Keywords: bidders, bidder, securities, bids, foreign exchange

This paper assesses alternative auction techniques for pricing and allocating various financial instruments, such as government securities, central bank refinance credit, and foreign exchange. Before recommending a...