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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now »

Source: Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Jesmin Rahman , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475504644

Keywords: Euro Area, Real effective exchange rates, Macroprudential Policy, Growth, unemployment, macroeconomic policy, structural reform, fiscal policy, labor market, employment

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now »

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bergljot Barkbu , Jesmin Rahman , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504644.006

ISBN: 9781475504644

Keywords: Euro Area, Real effective exchange rates, Macroprudential Policy, Growth, unemployment, macroeconomic policy, structural reform, fiscal policy, labor market, employment

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1992/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jong-Wha Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851335.001

ISBN: 9781451851335

Keywords: growth rate, free trade, growth rates, per capita income

The links between trade and growth are examined in a neoclassical model of an open economy in which domestic production requires both domestic and imported inputs. The model shows that trade distortions induced by...

The Real Effects of Monetary Policy in the European Union
			: What Are the Differences?

The Real Effects of Monetary Policy in the European Union : What Are the Differences? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy , and Torsten Sloek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857719.001

ISBN: 9781451857719

Keywords: EMU, monetary transmission mechanism, monetary shock, monetary transmission, transmission of monetary policy

The main finding of this paper is that the European Union (EU) countries fall into two broad groups according to the effects of monetary policy adjustments on economic activity. Estimates based on a vector autoregr...

Trading Blocs and Welfare
			: How Trading Bloc Members Are Affected by New Entrants

Trading Blocs and Welfare : How Trading Bloc Members Are Affected by New Entrants »

Volume/Issue: 1998/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Hacker , and Qaizar Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850611.001

ISBN: 9781451850611

Keywords: Trading Blocs, Duopoly, equation, equations, trade bloc, domestic market

This paper uses the three-country duopoly model to examine the effects of lowered trade barriers when a new entrant joins a trading bloc. There are two firms—a small-country firm and a large-country firm wit...

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth »

Source: International Trade, Distortions and Long-Run Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 1992/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jong-Wha Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1992

ISBN: 9781451851335

Keywords: growth rate, free trade, growth rates, per capita income

The links between trade and growth are examined in a neoclassical model of an open economy in which domestic production requires both domestic and imported inputs. The model shows that trade distortions induced by...

2. Macroprudential Policies and House Prices in Europe: An Overview of Recent Experiences

2. Macroprudential Policies and House Prices in Europe: An Overview of Recent Experiences »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

This chapter documents the increasing use of macroprudential policies (MaPPs) in Europe in recent years to build financial resilience, contain general and sectoral credit growth, an...