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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Cross-Country Report on Inflation

Cross-Country Report on Inflation »

Source: Cross-Country Report on Inflation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/184

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513525464

Keywords: inflation, external factors, core inflation, output gap, disinflation

This Selected Issues paper examines the causes and drivers of low inflation in European inflation targeting countries outside the euro area, focusing on the Czech Republic, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland. It estim...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?1

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?1 »

Source: Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?

Volume/Issue: 2014/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Martin Cihak , and David-Jan Jansen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498392914

Keywords: central bank communication, clarity, inflation reports, volatility, central bank, monetary policy, financial market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

We study whether clarity of central bank inflation reports affects return volatility in financial markets. We measure clarity of reports by the Czech National Bank, the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, a...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Cross-Country Report on Inflation
			: Selected Issues

Cross-Country Report on Inflation : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/184

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525464.002

ISBN: 9781513525464

Keywords: inflation, external factors, core inflation, output gap, disinflation

This Selected Issues paper examines the causes and drivers of low inflation in European inflation targeting countries outside the euro area, focusing on the Czech Republic, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland. It estim...

Republic of Latvia
			: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475526677.002

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

The Republic of Latvia
			: Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics:  Banking Supervision;  Payment Systems; Securities Regulation; Insurance Regulation; Corporate Governance; and Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency

The Republic of Latvia : Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics: Banking Supervision; Payment Systems; Securities Regulation; Insurance Regulation; Corporate Governance; and Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency »

Volume/Issue: 2002/67

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824537.002

ISBN: 9781451824537

Keywords: banking, banking supervision, payment systems, payment system, banking system

This paper presents key findings of Latvia's Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on Observance of Standards and Codes on Banking Supervision; Payment Systems; Securities Regulation; Insurance R...