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Banking Competition and Capital Ratios

Banking Competition and Capital Ratios »

Source: Banking Competition and Capital Ratios

Volume/Issue: 2007/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Klaus Schaeck

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2007

ISBN: 9781451867800

Keywords: Bank capital ratios, market structure, regulation, banking, statistic, statistics, bank capital, deposit insurance,

We use data for more than 2,600 European banks to test whether increased competition causes banks to hold higher capital ratios. Employing panel data techniques, and distinguishing between the competitive conduct o...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

Fiscal Adjustment in EU Countries

Fiscal Adjustment in EU Countries »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in EU Countries : A Balance Sheet Approach

Volume/Issue: 2004/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenji Moriyama , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856378

Keywords: government assets, net worth, public debt, budget balance, fiscal measures, National Deficit Surplus,

Several European Union countries have recently implemented or are envisaging fiscal that operations improve budgetary figures but have no structural impact on government finances. This paper evaluates some of these...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter? »

Source: Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Fiscal Adjustment in EU Countries
			: A Balance Sheet Approach

Fiscal Adjustment in EU Countries : A Balance Sheet Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenji Moriyama , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856378.001

ISBN: 9781451856378

Keywords: government assets, net worth, public debt, budget balance, fiscal measures, National Deficit Surplus,

Several European Union countries have recently implemented or are envisaging fiscal that operations improve budgetary figures but have no structural impact on government finances. This paper evaluates some of these...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth
			: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517866.001

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Price Impacts of Non-Adoption of the Euro for Small European Countries

Price Impacts of Non-Adoption of the Euro for Small European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2006/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harald Anderson , and Sibel Beadle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864113.001

ISBN: 9781451864113

Keywords: Optimal Currency Area, Major World Currency, Currency Peg, Self-Enforcing Currency Area, equation, exchange rate, exchange rates, time series, foreign exchange, Self Enforcing Currency Area,

Debates surrounding the adoption of a common currency have focused on its benefits weighed against the long-term costs of losing monetary independence. These debates have assumed that the penalty for not adopting a...