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## 18. Aggregation Issues »

### Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

A. Introduction 18.1 In Chapter 15 a basic index number problem was identified: how exactly should the microeconomic information involving possibly millions of prices...

## 1. An Introduction to PPI Methodology »

### Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

1.1 A price index is a measure of the proportionate, or percentage, changes in a set of prices over time. PPIs measure changes in the prices of domestic producer goo...

## Apéndice I. Cuentas con el FMI »

### ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción 466. En este apéndice se describe el tratamiento recomendado de las cuentas con el FMI en las estadísticas monetarias. El tema merece particular atención debido a las ca...

## Apéndice II. Banca Islámica54 »

### ISBN: 9781589060166

483. Las actividades de las instituciones financieras islámicas difieren de las que realizan las sociedades comerciales de depósito estándar debido a que en Ja banca islámica se pro...

## Apéndice III. Balances Sectoriales »

### ISBN: 9781589060166

Cuadro 1: Balance sectorial del banco central...

## 16. Axiomatic and Stochastic Approaches to Index Number Theory »

### Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

A. Introduction 16.1 As Chapter 15 demonstrated, it is useful to be able to evaluate various index number formulas that have been proposed in terms of their propertie...

## 2. Background, purpose, and Uses of producer price Indices »

### Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

2.1 PPIs are a key economic indicator in most countries. This chapter provides background information on the development of price indices, discusses the role of nati...

## 15. Basic Index Number Theory »

### Keywords: equation, sampling, statistics, arithmetic, survey

A. Introduction The answer to the question what is the Mean of a given set of magnitudes cannot in general be found, unless there is given also the object for the sak...

## The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

### Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

## 2. Collection Methods »

### Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, equity securities, statistics

Summary A considerable degree of complexity is involved in organizing a portfolio investment survey to ensure good quality data. Therefore, compilers should carefully consider all po...