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Banking Crises in the Baltics

Banking Crises in the Baltics »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1997

Volume/Issue: 34/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451953206

Keywords: capital inflows, monetary fund, money laundering, capital movements, private capital

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Books

Books »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1997

Volume/Issue: 34/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451953206

Keywords: capital inflows, monetary fund, money laundering, capital movements, private capital

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Causes of Capital Inflows and Policy Responses to Them

Causes of Capital Inflows and Policy Responses to Them »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1997

Volume/Issue: 34/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451953206

Keywords: capital inflows, monetary fund, money laundering, capital movements, private capital

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Central Banking: The Challenges Ahead: Financial System Soundness

Central Banking: The Challenges Ahead: Financial System Soundness »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1997

Volume/Issue: 34/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451953206

Keywords: capital inflows, monetary fund, money laundering, capital movements, private capital

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Public Service Delivery Higher wage bills have on average not produced better service delivery, though public services are also affected by other considerations (Figures 4.1 and 4.2)...