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Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

Designing Legal Frameworks for Public Debt Management

Designing Legal Frameworks for Public Debt Management »

Source: Designing Legal Frameworks for Public Debt Management

Volume/Issue: 2015/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elsie Addo Awadzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513529561

Keywords: National Debt, Government loans and guarantees, Legal framework for Public Debt Management, debt, public debt, legal framework, Governmental Loans and Credits,

Sustainable public debt has gained renewed attention as countries implement fiscal consolidation measures in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Sound public debt policies and debt management practices re...

Devaluation, Relative Prices, and International Trade

Devaluation, Relative Prices, and International Trade »

Source: Devaluation, Relative Prices, and International Trade : Evidence From Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1994

ISBN: 9781451928679

Keywords: cointegration, trade flows, import demand, equation, developing country exports

Devaluation is an integral part of adjustment in many developing countries, particularly relied upon by countries facing large external imbalances. A devaluation can only reduce trade imbalances if it translates to...

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Does Import Protection Discourage Exports? »

Source: Does Import Protection Discourage Exports?

Volume/Issue: 2006/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862805

Keywords: export tax, restrictiveness, tariff barriers, tariff reductions, export sector, Computable General Equilibrium Models,

This paper points out that while many developing countries seek to increase their export earnings, they have not embraced fully the notion that their own pattern of import protection hurts their export performance....

Does Monetary Policy Stabilize the Exchange Rate Following a Currency Crisis?1

Does Monetary Policy Stabilize the Exchange Rate Following a Currency Crisis?1 »

Source: Does Monetary Policy Stabilize the Exchange Rate Following a Currency Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 1999/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ilan Goldfajn , and Poonam Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451846195

Keywords: interest rates, tight monetary policy, real interest rate

This paper provides evidence on the relationship between monetary policy and the exchange rate in the aftermath of currency crises. It analyzes a large data set of currency crises in 80 countries for the period 198...

Does Sdds Subscription Reduce Borrowing Costs for Emerging Market Economies

Does Sdds Subscription Reduce Borrowing Costs for Emerging Market Economies »

Source: Does Sdds Subscription Reduce Borrowing Costs for Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2004/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Cady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451847895

Keywords: Sovereign debt and yield spreads, data transparency, SDDS, bond, capital markets, international capital, bonds, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Does macroeconomic data transparency-as signaled by subscription to the IMF's Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS)-help reduce borrowing costs in private capital markets? This question is examined using detai...

Emerging Market Spread Compression

Emerging Market Spread Compression »

Source: Emerging Market Spread Compression : Is it Real or is it Liquidity?

Volume/Issue: 2008/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Kodres , Kristian Hartelius , and Kenichiro Kashiwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868722

Keywords: Sovereign Spreads, Fundamentals, bond, bond spreads, market bond, emerging market bond, standard deviation,

Despite recent turmoil, spreads on emerging market countries' sovereign bonds have fallen dramatically since mid-2002. Some have attributed the fall to improved economic fundamentals while others to ample global li...

Exchange Rate Regime Transitions

Exchange Rate Regime Transitions »

Source: Exchange Rate Regime Transitions

Volume/Issue: 2000/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855593

Keywords: exchange rates, regimes, pegs, floating, exchange rate, probability, probabilities

The “hollowing-out,” or “two poles” hypothesis is tested in the context of a Markov chain model of exchange rate transitions. In particular, two versions of the hypothesis—that ha...

The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390: A Survey

The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390: A Survey »

Source: The Export Performance of Sub-Saharan Africa, 1970-19+L69390 : A Survey

Volume/Issue: 1992/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Greene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1992

ISBN: 9781451847567

Keywords: export earnings, export performance, export quotas, export markets

The export performance of Sub-Saharan Africa has lagged behind that of developing countries in other regions for the past two decades, and total export proceeds have fallen significantly since 1980. Many factors ex...

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development »

Source: Firm Productivity, innovation and Financial Development

Volume/Issue: 2010/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Genevieve Verdier , Erasmus Kersting , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963250

Keywords: innovation, survey data, financial development., survey, dummy variable, equation, stock market, Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Financial Development, General Financial Markets,

How do firm-specific actions-in particular, innovation-affect firm productivity? And what is the role of the financial sector in facilitating higher productivity? Using a rich firm-level dataset, we find that innov...