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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1991/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sijbren Cnossen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960631.001

ISBN: 9781451960631

Keywords: vat, credit, purchases, registration, prices

In the course of introducing a market-oriented tax system, most Central and Eastern European countries are actively considering the merits of a value-added tax (VAT). This paper examines a wide range of social, eco...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855036.001

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries

Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries »

Source: Key Questions in Considering a Value-Added Tax for Central and Eastern European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sijbren Cnossen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1991

ISBN: 9781451960631

Keywords: vat, credit, purchases, registration, prices

In the course of introducing a market-oriented tax system, most Central and Eastern European countries are actively considering the merits of a value-added tax (VAT). This paper examines a wide range of social, eco...

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions »

Source: Neglected Heterogeneity and Dynamics in Cross-Country Savings Regressions

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855036

Keywords: Saving behavior, OECD, cross-country studies, panel data models, slope heterogeneity, dynamics, Ricardian effect, time series, mean group, correlation

This paper examines the extent to which conclusions of cross-country studies of private savings are robust to allowing for the possible heterogeneity of savings behavior across countries and the inclusion of dynami...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Source: Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...